Falls are caused by a complex mix of medical and lifestyle variables that operate alone or in concert with triggering environmental circumstances to produce the event in question. Muscle weakness, issues with balance, gait, or stability, multiple pharmacological treatment, postural hypotension, and heart diseases are all examples of modifiable risk factors that may be avoided.
Falls are a huge public health concern all around the world. Every year, an estimated 684 000 fatal falls occur, making them the second greatest cause of unintentional injury mortality, behind road traffic accidents, according to statistics.
Falls may have a catastrophic effect on a person’s independence, confidence, and quality of life. They are also connected with physical injuries, psychological stress, functional disabilities, and even death in certain instances.
For older persons, falls are the greatest cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries, as well as unintentional injuries and hospitalizations due to trauma. Falls can have a negative impact on one’s quality of life and ability to function independently.
Because many elderly individuals have porous, weak bones as a result of osteoporosis, they are more prone than younger people to shatter bones in falls. Aside from that, elderly are more prone than younger people to experience problems after procedures, due to the anaesthesia and added damage to the body that makes the recovery more dangerous.
Falls are particularly harmful for the elderly because they can result in hip fractures, which are more common among women, who have an 18 percent chance of suffering a hip fracture over their lifetime. For men, this risk is around 6 percent. People who have osteoporosis are at a greater risk of fractures than the general population.
Falls can result in shattered bones such as wrist fractures, arm fractures, ankle fractures, and hip fractures. Falls can result in serious head injuries. These can be quite dangerous, especially if the individual is on certain medications (like blood thinners).
One of the most common causes of deaths is falling from one floor (from one level to another). Falls to a lower level are also a common cause of fatalities. The presence of factors such as poorly covered/protected floor gaps is a significant cause of slip and fall accidents.
An individual’s history of mobility issues, such as difficulty walking or ascending stairs, was found to be significantly related with difficulty getting up after a fall. The majority of the participants had access to call alarm devices, although the devices were frequently left unattended.
Keep in mind the following reasons why fall prevention in the hospital is so important: Falling is a common occurrence among hospitalized patients (three percent). Approximately 30% of these falls result in an accident resulting in injury. Falling causes your treatment to be delayed, and you will be in the hospital for a longer period of time.
When it comes to nonfatal injuries among older individuals, falls are the primary cause. Falls are responsible for one catastrophic injury out of every ten that necessitates hospitalization, such as a hip fracture or head damage. In addition to the physical and mental suffering, many people are forced to spend at least a year in a long-term care facility to heal from their injuries.