According to a new research published in The Journal of Trauma: Damage, Infection, and Critical Care, minor falls in the elderly, such as sliding when going off a curb, can result in serious injury and death if they are not treated immediately.
Almost half of all fall-related fatalities were caused by head injuries, and 29.5 percent were caused by hip fractures. Disorders of the circulatory system (I00–I99) (47.4 percent) and diseases of the respiratory system (J00–J98) (47.4 percent) were the other two leading causes of fall-related fatalities (17.4 percent ).
Publication of a press release. Every second of every day in the United States, an older adult is injured or killed as a result of a fall, making falls the leading cause of injury-related fatalities and injuries among the elderly.
Injuries Caused by Slipping and Falling Fractures are the most frequent major injury caused by falls in older people, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Falls, osteoporosis, and other characteristics that enhance susceptibility to injury are all factors that contribute to hip, wrist, humerus, and pelvic fractures in this age range, to name a few examples.
Falls can have a negative psychological impact on caregivers, including increased fear of falling again, lower self-efficacy, and diminished trust in one’s ability to maintain balance.
According to Mourey (2009), Post Fall Syndrome (also known as Psychomotor Regression Syndrome) is described as ″decompensation of the systems and mechanisms implicated in postural and walking automatisms.″ It manifests itself either insidiously as a result of an increase in frailty or brutally as a result of a trauma (fall) or an operation.
It was possible to identify deaths by the use of probabilistic connection between the study dataset and the local mortality registry. Individuals with severe fractures had a 25.2 percent one-year cumulative mortality rate, while those without severe fractures had a 4 percent one-year cumulative mortality rate.
Falls are particularly harmful for the elderly because they can result in hip fractures, which are more common among women, who have an 18 percent chance of suffering a hip fracture over their lifetime. For men, this risk is around 6 percent. People who have osteoporosis are at a greater risk of fractures than the general population.
Falls can result in shattered bones such as wrist fractures, arm fractures, ankle fractures, and hip fractures. Falls can result in serious head injuries. These can be quite dangerous, especially if the individual is on certain medications (like blood thinners).
Why? The following are the three most important reasons behind this: Having a fall might indicate the presence of a new and urgent medical ailment that requires attention. For example, a senior citizen may get debilitated and fall as a result of ailments such as dehydration or a significant urinary tract infection, among others.
What are some of the factors that contribute to falls? Normal changes associated with age, such as deteriorating vision or hearing, might increase your risk of falling. Illnesses and physical ailments might impair your ability to maintain your balance and strength. Poor lighting or carpets on the floor in your house might increase your chances of tripping or slipping.
Falls become a source of concern when someone who has previously had a head injury detects a dramatic change in their physical and mental well being. For example, if a person has sudden intense headache pain when there had previously been none, a brain injury that causes chronic headaches may be more serious than they initially believed it to be.
When it comes to injury-related death among persons 65 and older, falls remain the top cause, and the incidence of age-adjusted fall death is growing. The age-adjusted fall death rate in older adults is 64 fatalities per 100,000 people over the age of 65.
The combination of advanced age, fragility, and pre-existing medical issues reduces the probability that older people will recover from fall-related injuries and complications. According to a team of researchers from the University of Rochester Medical Center, they set out to investigate if the consequences of ground-level falls varied between senior and non-elderly individuals.
In fact, according to the source, only one-third of seniors who were classed as seriously or moderately impaired before to their fall were able to fully recover within one year following their accident.