Chronic pruritus has been shown to have a negative impact on quality of life. The majority of senior persons have pruritus on a regular basis, and it can cause severe symptoms such as itching and sleep disruption, which can lead to clinical depression.
As a matter of fact, dry, itchy skin affects the vast majority of the aged population. The itch-scratch cycle can result in further discomfort and, in severe situations, infection of the affected area. Itchy skin is a common complaint among those who suffer from it, despite the fact that it is not a life-threatening illness.
Itch is a typical complaint in the aged population, and it can be caused by a wide range of dermatologic and non-dermatologic disorders.It can have a major impact on the patient’s overall quality of life.Predisposing variables to persistent itch in this age range include alterations in barrier function, immunosenescence, neuronal abnormalities and neuropathies, which are all frequent in older people.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, putting a cool, damp towel or an ice bag to the irritated region can help to relieve the itching and discomfort. In order to alleviate itching in older adults, most dermatologists recommend Wet Water Therapy (WWT).
The presence of a disease within your body is a warning sign. Chronic itch can be a symptom of a number of disorders, including the following: Itching is frequent in persons who have a blood-related illness, such as Hodgkin’s lymphoma or cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, which causes them to scratch.
An allergic response with anaphylaxis, for example, might cause widespread itching, which can be life-threatening if not treated immediately (tightening and closing of the airways) Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a kind of cancer. Kidney failure is a medical emergency.
When should you visit the doctor? Consult your doctor or a skin disease expert (dermatologist) if you are experiencing itching due to: This condition lasts for more than two weeks and does not improve with self-care. Is intense and keeps you from going about your everyday activities or preventing you from sleeping.
Itching that lasts for weeks or months, especially in the elderly, is frequently a sign of skin dryness (xerosis), which can be caused by atrophic skin barrier degeneration and decreased hydration. Dermatoses, such as eczema, psoriasis, lichen planus, urticaria, and bullous pemphigoid, are also frequent among the elderly, as are other skin conditions.
Make an Appointment with Your Doctor If: The itch appears out of nowhere and spreads throughout your body. You might be experiencing an allergic response or a medical condition such as thyroid difficulties or liver disease. You may also be experiencing a temperature or feeling fatigued. The itch keeps you awake at night or makes it difficult to get through your day.
Itching linked with liver disease is typically severe in the late evening and early morning hours and throughout the night. While some people feel itching just in a specific place, such as on a limb, the soles of their feet, or the palms of their hands, others experience itching all over their bodies.
In addition to lymphoma and polycythemia vera (PV), some gastrointestinal malignancies, and melanoma are among the tumors that are most usually linked with itching.
If you have itching, you may benefit from taking an oral antihistamine such as loratadine (Alavert, Claritin, and other brands), cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergy, and other brands), or diphenhydramine (Benadryl Allergy, and other brands).
Emollients are indicated for usage by older persons who are prone to pruritus and have dry skin. In addition to lotions, ointments, and creams that may be applied directly to the skin, emollients are also considered noncosmetic moisturizers.
Some antipruritics, such as menthol 1 percent in an aqueous cream, are available as topical therapies. Topical corticosteroids have been shown to be beneficial in the management of pruritus, particularly when the disease is associated with an underlying inflammatory or immunological disorder.
Diseases of the internal organs. Symptoms of an underlying illness, such as liver disease, renal disease, anemia, diabetes, thyroid difficulties, multiple myeloma or lymphoma, may manifest themselves as generalized itching across the body.
What to do if you have itchy skin
If the rash is accompanied by any of the following symptoms, go to the emergency room. Inability to take a deep breath. Skin peeling away or sores in the mouth are common symptoms. The sensation of swelling or constriction in the throat.