Falls often cause injuries. Some of the injuries, such as a broken hip, can be serious. Older people are more likely to break bones in falls because many older people have porous, fragile bones (osteoporosis). Some injuries caused by a fall are fatal.
“People can die after a fall for many reasons, which may include head trauma, internal bleeding and complications of a bone fracture,” he said. “Fractures can lead to hospitalization, immobility in bed and respiratory or other infections, which can be fatal.” Several steps can be taken to reduce the risk, Pahor said.
A fall can be a sign of a new and serious medical problem that needs treatment. For instance, an older person can be weakened and fall because of illnesses such as dehydration, or a serious urinary tract infection.
Deaths were identified using probabilistic linkage of the research dataset and the local mortality registry. The one – year cumulative mortality was 25.2% in the case of individuals with severe fractures and 4% for those individuals without.
Falls aren’t an inevitable part of living with dementia , however, some symptoms can make people with dementia more at risk of falls. People with dementia can also have the same health conditions that increase the risk of falls as people who don’t have dementia .
An older person who falls and hits their head should see their doctor right away to make sure they don’t have a brain injury. Many people who fall , even if they’re not injured, become afraid of falling. This fear may cause a person to cut down on their everyday activities.
Seeking medical attention right away after a fall can reduce your risk of experiencing long-lasting injury, chronic pain or even death. Symptoms of a Potential Fall Injury Severe or lingering pain. Headaches. Obvious swelling. Ringing in the ears. Bruising. Loss of balance. Dizziness. Back pain.
They could have: Different sleep-wake patterns. Little appetite and thirst. Fewer and smaller bowel movements and less pee. More pain. Changes in blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate. Body temperature ups and downs that may leave their skin cool, warm, moist, or pale.
Any fall that results in an injury is cause for concern , no matter how minor, and should receive treatment immediately. Injuries can appear small at first, but gradual or sudden changes in health or behavior are significant signs that an injury is worth a closer look.
Causes and Risk Factors for Falls Diabetes, heart disease , or problems with your thyroid, nerves, feet, or blood vessels can affect your balance. Some medicines can cause you to feel dizzy or sleepy, making you more likely to fall. Other causes include safety hazards in the home or community environment. 6 дней назад
Older people are more likely to have a fall because they may have: balance problems and muscle weakness. poor vision. a long-term health condition, such as heart disease, dementia or low blood pressure (hypotension), which can lead to dizziness and a brief loss of consciousness.
The most serious consequences of a fall are severe injuries , the risk of fall-related anxiety, and financial instability due to medical bills and lost wages. Some of the severe injuries falls can cause include: Broken arm. Broken leg. Broken wrist. Broken ankle. Broken hip. Concussion. Traumatic brain injury .
Fear of falling and other fall-related psychological concerns (FRPCs), such as falls-efficacy and balance confidence, are highly prevalent among community-dwelling older adults. Anxiety and FRPCs have frequently, but inconsistently, been found to be associated in the literature.
Some reports show that up to 50 % of patients with hip fracture die within six months and many of those who survive do not recover their baseline independence and function. In recent decades the increase in life expectancy after 60 years of age has led to an exponential growth in hip fractures.