There are three main risk factors that contribute to vulnerability in older adults : health status; cognitive ability; and, social network.
Vulnerable populations , defined as those at greater risk for poor health status and healthcare access, experience significant disparities in life expectancy, access to and use of healthcare services, morbidity, and mortality. This population is also likely to have 1 or more physical and/or mental health conditions.
Disease does not result from aging itself, but rather from the vulnerability that aging causes in lowering the threshold for the development of disease (TABLE 1). Due to age – related physiological changes (e.g., renal impairment), seniors are more vulnerable to adverse drug events (ADEs).
They have trouble maintaining independence, a lack of reliable transportation, and poor communication skills. Their health problems intersect with social problems , such as illiteracy, homelessness, and poverty.
The 4 Types of Vulnerabilities Found in Great Men Physical Vulnerability . Economic Vulnerability . Social Vulnerability . Emotional Vulnerability .
Who are the abusers of older adults ? Abusers are both women and men. In almost 60% of elder abuse and neglect incidents, the perpetrator is a family member. Two thirds of perpetrators are adult children or spouses.
Children, pregnant women, elderly people, malnourished people, and people who are ill or immunocompromised, are particularly vulnerable when a disaster strikes, and take a relatively high share of the disease burden associated with emergencies.
These are the poor and transient poor, children, women, persons with disabilities (PWDs), indigenous peoples, overseas Filipinos (OFs) and their families, and older persons. Even non- vulnerable groups also face economic risks such as low and irregular incomes, and financial and economic crises.
Multiple socioeconomic factors contribute to health disparities , including income, education, residential segregation, stress, social and physical environment, employment, and many others. Disparities according to income and education have increased for smoking, with low-income persons smoking at higher rates.
Compare with younger people, older people tend to have less access to earned income, higher rates of home ownership, higher assets and greater access to means-tested income support. However, older people are not a homogenous group.
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Vulnerability in this context can be defined as the diminished capacity of an individual or group to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of a natural or man-made hazard. The concept is relative and dynamic.
How to help vulnerable populations now Use telehealth services. Offer services to low-income workers and their families. Encourage social distancing, not social isolation. Advocate for people in substandard or congregate living conditions.
Types of Vulnerabilities in Disaster Management Physical Vulnerability. Economic Vulnerability. Social Vulnerability. Attitudinal Vulnerability.
Poverty is a primary cause of vulnerability . Vulnerable populations are groups (aggregates) with an increased risk to develop adverse health outcomes.