The Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) issued new blood pressure guidelines for seniors in 2014 recommending that individuals over age 60 aim for a reading below 150/90 mmHg. The JNC 8 recommendation for patients of any age with diabetes or chronic kidney disease is to aim for BP readings below 140/90 mmHg.
High blood pressure is now generally defined as 130 or higher for the first number, or 80 or higher for the second number (previously it was 140/90).
When treating hypertension in patients over the age of 85 years, the usual target blood pressure is 150/80 mmHg for reduction of the risk of stroke, heart attack , and other cardiovascular events.
They’re both measured in millimetres of mercury ( mmHg ). As a general guide: high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher (or 150/90mmHg or higher if you’re over the age of 80) ideal blood pressure is usually considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.
A hypertensive crisis is a severe increase in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke. Extremely high blood pressure — a top number (systolic pressure) of 180 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher or a bottom number (diastolic pressure) of 120 mm Hg or higher — can damage blood vessels.
In severe cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening. A blood pressure reading lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic) is generally considered low blood pressure .
Normal pressure is 120/80 or lower. Your blood pressure is considered high (stage 1) if it reads 140/90. Stage 2 high blood pressure is 160/ 100 or higher. If you get a blood pressure reading of 180/110 or higher more than once, seek medical treatment right away.
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The previous guidelines set the threshold at 140/90 mm Hg for people younger than age 65 and 150/80 mm Hg for those ages 65 and older.
High blood pressure has many risk factors, including: Age. The risk of high blood pressure increases as you age. Race. Family history. Being overweight or obese. Not being physically active. Using tobacco. Too much salt (sodium) in your diet. Too little potassium in your diet.
However, most studies show a greater risk of stroke and heart disease related to higher systolic pressures compared with elevated diastolic pressures. That’s especially true in people ages 50 and older, which is why doctors tend to monitor the top number more closely.
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High blood pressure can be: just a high systolic pressure , for example, 170 / 70 mmHg. just a high diastolic pressure , for example, 130/104 mmHg. ● or both, for example, 170 /110 mmHg.
Call a doctor if : Your blood pressure is 140/ 90 or higher on two or more occasions. Your blood pressure is usually normal and well controlled, but it goes above the normal range on more than one occasion. Your blood pressure is lower than usual and you are dizzy or light-headed.