What are the signs and symptoms of dementia in the elderly?
The Seven Stages of Dementia Stage 1: No impairment. Stage 2: Very mild cognitive decline . Stage 3: Mild cognitive decline . Stage 4: Moderate cognitive decline . Stage 5: Moderately severe cognitive decline .
Symptoms Memory loss, which is usually noticed by a spouse or someone else. Difficulty communicating or finding words. Difficulty with visual and spatial abilities, such as getting lost while driving. Difficulty reasoning or problem-solving. Difficulty handling complex tasks. Difficulty with planning and organizing.
Alzheimer’s disease – This is the most common cause of dementia. In Alzheimer’s disease , an abnormal protein surrounds brain cells and another protein damages their internal structure. In time, chemical connections between brain cells are lost and cells begin to die.
Studies suggest that, on average, someone will live around ten years following a dementia diagnosis. However, this can vary significantly between individuals, some people living for more than twenty years , so it’s important to try not to focus on the figures and to make the very most of the time left.
During the middle stages of Alzheimer’s , it becomes necessary to provide 24 – hour supervision to keep the person with dementia safe. As the disease progresses into the late-stages, around-the-clock care requirements become more intensive.
The actual death of a person with dementia may be caused by another condition. They are likely to be frail towards the end. Their ability to cope with infection and other physical problems will be impaired due to the progress of dementia . In many cases death may be hastened by an acute illness such as pneumonia.
“The development of this list has sometimes been taken the wrong way by family care partners. Don’t say ‘but you don’t look or sound like you have dementia ‘. Don’t tell us ‘ we are wrong’. Don’t argue with us or correct trivial things. Don’t say ‘remember when…’.
Experts suggest that signs of the final stage of Alzheimer’s disease include some of the following: Being unable to move around on one’s own. Being unable to speak or make oneself understood. Needing help with most, if not all, daily activities, such as eating and self-care. Eating problems such as difficulty swallowing . 6 дней назад
Symptoms of vascular dementia are similar to Alzheimer’s disease, although memory loss may not be as obvious in the early stages. Symptoms can sometimes develop suddenly and quickly get worse , but they can also develop gradually over many months or years.
While certain medications can help slow the progression for a time, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s or dementia . Alzheimer’s disease leads to cell death and tissue loss in the brain which ultimately affects memory, behavior, bodily functions or other systems.
The majority of dementia is not inherited by children and grandchildren. In rarer types of dementia there may be a strong genetic link, but these are only a tiny proportion of overall cases of dementia .
Anger , confusion, and sadness are a few symptoms a person with dementia may experience regularly. Even though you know your loved one’s dementia behaviors are symptoms of a disease and not intentional, dealing with them is often emotionally and physically challenging.
And average survival times varied from a high of 10.7 years for the youngest patients ( 65-69 years ) to a low of 3.8 years for the oldest (90 or older at diagnosis).
Incontinence is a symptom that develops in the later stages of dementia . About 60 to 70 percent of people with Alzheimer’s develop incontinence . But it’s not a defining trait.
It typically peaks in the middle stages of Alzheimer’s, and then diminishes as the disease progresses. Scientists don’t completely understand why sleep disturbances occur with Alzheimer’s disease and dementia .