The Importance of Fall Prevention in the Aging Population Falls may not appear to be very harmful, but we are certain that these fast facts and statistics will demonstrate the critical need of fall prevention. The consequences of a fall can be severe, including shattered bones and life-threatening diseases such as hip fractures and brain trauma, among others.
There is a lot to be argued for evidence-based falls prevention programs, especially considering that one in every four older Americans falls each year. One evidence-based falls prevention program was shown to lower the number of falls in older individuals by 35%.
Falling is one of the most debilitating disorders that may affect the elderly, and it can have a substantial influence on their ability to function, their independence, and their overall quality of life. Furthermore, falls had a major negative influence on the self-confidence of the elderly, with some refusing to leave their homes even after small falls for fear of falling again.
Exercise regimens that incorporate strength, gait, and balance exercises, such as physiotherapy or Tai Chi26, can be beneficial. Vitamin D supplementation at levels more than 700 international units per day (in community-dwelling or long-term care residents) Box 2 (numbers 21,22) Preventive measures that are anticipated to be effective in reducing the risk of falling
According to the findings of other systematic studies, either there is no clear evidence that fall prevention programs reduce the incidence of falls (Coussement et al., 2008) or multidimensional treatments may have a minor effect on falls but not on fractures (Coussement et al., 2008). (Oliver et al., 2007).
Adults over the age of 65 are more likely than others to have a fall in a hospital setting (MacCulloch, Gardner, & Bonner, 2007). Falls among hospitalized older individuals have gradually climbed over the past three decades, and the number of falls is expected to increase dramatically in the future due to the huge growth in the aging population (Wanless, 2006).
For older persons, falls are the greatest cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries, as well as unintentional injuries and hospitalizations due to trauma. Falls can have a negative impact on one’s quality of life and ability to function independently.
Take the Appropriate Precautions to Avoid Falls
Falls, in turn, impair function by resulting in injury, activity limits, a fear of falling, and a loss of mobility, among other consequences. A large proportion of injuries in older people are caused by falling. Fractures of the hip, forearm, humerus, and pelvis are most commonly caused by the combined effects of falling and osteoporosis.
Increasing age, medication usage, cognitive impairment, and sensory deficiencies are all variables that contribute to falls in the older population.
It is vital for the safety of nursing home patients that they are not allowed to fall. Seniors who experience a fall are more likely to suffer from disability, loss of independence, functional decline, and a lower overall quality of life. Falls have led elderly people to feel powerless, unhappy, and nervous as a result of their experiences.
Follow the safety procedures outlined below: Beds, stretchers, and wheel chairs should all be secured with locks. Keep the flooring clear of debris and obstructions (particularly the passage between the bed and the bathroom/commode). Place a call light and other commonly used items within reach of the patient. Respond to the call light as soon as possible.
Exercise is the most effective technique of lowering the rate of falls among persons aged 65 and older who live alone, according to research. It has been shown to be particularly helpful in persons over the age of 75. You can lower your chances of breaking bones in a fall with exercise and a simple falls risk assessment performed by your healthcare professional.
Continue to move. Physical activity can go a long way toward reducing the risk of falling. Consider activities like as walking, water workouts, or tai chi, which is a mild exercise that involves slow and elegant dance-like motions. If your health care practitioner approves, you can begin.
Older individuals can fall anywhere, although they are more likely to do so inside, outside, or in close proximity to their house. Some of the most effective preventative strategies include home modifications, medical evaluation and management, and progressive exercise programs.
Exercise at home that is advised by a specialist to improve dynamic balance, muscular strength, and walking is recommended. Tai Chi-type activities, dynamic balance and strength training, as well as floor coping skills, are some of the group programs that are available. aging in place services, including home visits and house adaptations for older adults who have a history of falling
Age. Age is one of the primary risk factors for falls. Older persons have the highest risk of death or serious injury coming from a fall and the risk increases with age.
Impaired balance and gait, polypharmacy, and a history of prior falls were all recognized as substantial risk factors for falling. Other risk factors include growing older, being female, having visual impairments, experiencing cognitive decline, particularly attention and executive dysfunction, and being exposed to environmental stressors.