You should also see a doctor if you are coughing up blood or if you have difficulty swallowing, feel a lump in your neck, experience pain when speaking or swallowing, have difficulty breathing, or lose your voice completely for more than a few days.
Home Remedies: Helping a hoarse voice Breathe moist air. Rest your voice as much as possible. Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration (avoid alcohol and caffeine). Moisten your throat. Stop drinking alcohol and smoking, and avoid exposure to smoke. Avoid clearing your throat. Avoid decongestants. Avoid whispering.
Medications That May Cause Hoarseness
|Medication||Mechanism of impact on voice|
|Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors||Cough|
|Antihistamines , diuretics , anticholinergics||Drying effect on mucosa|
|Antipsychotics , including atypical antipsychotics||Laryngeal dystonia|
Hoarseness causes Allergies, a cold or respiratory tract virus. Improper use of or abuse of the voice. A trauma to the voice box, such as an injury or a feeding tube. Acid reflux.
When you’re stressed , muscles that control your voice box can tense up. This can cause hoarseness , a voice that cracks, or the need to strain your voice to be heard.
Dehydration is bad for you and your vocal chords. If you are in dry, arid conditions, try using an indoor humidifier. Be sure to rest your voice to avoid over-straining. Avoid smoking and second-hand smoke which can irritate your airway.
You can treat your symptoms at home, with all- natural remedies and teas. Rest your voice. When you have laryngitis , your vocal cords are swollen and irritated. Gargle warm salt water. Add moisture with a humidifier. Suck on lozenges. Apple cider vinegar. Tea with honey. Slippery elm tea with lemon. Ginger root.
As air passes over the vocal cords, they vibrate, producing sound and allowing you to speak. Swelling and inflammation of the vocal cords — called laryngitis — is a common cause of hoarseness. Fortunately, most laryngitis is acute, meaning it comes on quickly and usually clears up in a few days to two weeks .
Causes of chronic laryngitis . Laryngeal symptoms such as cough, sore throat and hoarse voice are frequently caused by prolonged irritation of the larynx and vocal cords. If laryngitis persists for weeks or months , this can result in vocal cord strain and injuries and growths or polyps developing on the vocal cords.
Cardiac conditions such as CHF can cause changes in the blood vessels around the heart , pushing on the nerve that controls the movement of the vocal cords, resulting in a weak, breathy voice .
Reflux laryngitis is caused by stomach acid coming up into the esophagus and irritating the larynx. This can cause chronic swelling of the vocal folds and hoarseness .
The vocal cords are part of your voice box (larynx) located in the throat. When the vocal cords become inflamed or infected , they swell. This can cause hoarseness . The most common cause of hoarseness is a cold or sinus infection , which most often goes away on its own within 2 weeks.
When your thyroid doesn’t make enough of it, one symptom you might have is a hoarse voice . If you have a goiter — when your thyroid gets larger — you may cough a lot and have problems with your speech. A growth on the thyroid , or a nodule, can also affect the way you speak.
Experiencing unexpected hoarseness or voice loss can indicate an underlying health condition. Other possible causes include: Acid reflux, known as heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) Growths on your vocal cord tissue, also called vocal nodules, polyps, cysts, and contact ulcers.
Postnasal drainage. Another common cause of throat clearing is postnasal drip. Postnasal drip happens when your body starts producing extra mucus . You may feel it dripping down your throat from the back of your nose.