Confusion or decreased alertness may be the first symptom of a serious illness, particularly in older adults. Health problems that can cause confusion or decreased alertness include: Infections , such as a urinary tract infection , respiratory infection , or sepsis. Alzheimer’s disease.
Tips for Communicating with a Confused Patient Try to address the patient directly, even if his or her cognitive capacity is diminished. Gain the person’s attention. Speak distinctly and at a natural rate of speed. Help orient the patient. If possible, meet in surroundings familiar to the patient. Support and reassure the patient.
Confusion may be caused by different health problems, such as: Alcohol or drug intoxication. Brain tumor. Head trauma or head injury (concussion) Fever. Fluid and electrolyte imbalance. Illness in an older person, such as loss of brain function ( dementia )
Acute changes in mental status are usually secondary to delirium, stupor, and coma, which are forms of acute brain dysfunction. These changes occur over a period of hours or days and are usually precipitated by an underlying medical illness that is potentially life threatening.
10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Memory loss that disrupts daily life. Challenges in planning or solving problems. Difficulty completing familiar tasks. Confusion with time or place. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships. New problems with words in speaking or writing.
Sundowning is a symptom of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. It’s also known as “late-day confusion .” If someone you care for has dementia, their confusion and agitation may get worse in the late afternoon and evening . In comparison, their symptoms may be less pronounced earlier in the day.
Here are 10 tips for coping when an older adult with dementia exhibits difficult behaviors. Music. Music therapy helps seniors calm down and reflect on happier times. Aromatherapy. Touch. Pet Therapy. A Calm Approach. Move to a Secure Memory Care Community. Maintain Routines. Provide Reassurances.
Symptoms of dehydration in elderly adults may sometimes be subtle, but not drinking enough water and fluids can have a big effect on the body, especially in the elderly . Severe dehydration can lead to confusion , weakness, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, bedsores in bedridden patients, and other serious conditions.
Someone in the early stages of dementia may often become confused . When memory, thinking, or judgment lapses, confusion may arise as they can no longer remember faces, find the right words, or interact with people normally.
Stress, anxiety or depression can cause forgetfulness , confusion , difficulty concentrating and other problems that disrupt daily activities. Alcoholism. Chronic alcoholism can seriously impair mental abilities. Alcohol can also cause memory loss by interacting with medications.
Here is what you can do to overcome your confusion and find the joy: Accept where you are. Accept the fog, accept the confusion and accept the feelings of “stuckness.” Sometimes you get stuck because you are meant to be stuck. Take a deep breath. Focus on what you know. Be patient.
Mild cognitive impairment. This condition is a transition stage between the changes in understanding and memory that generally come with aging and the more-serious problems caused by dementia. Studies suggest that high blood pressure can lead to mild cognitive impairment.
How to Help a Person with Delirium Encouraging them to rest and sleep. Keeping their room quiet and calm. Making sure they’re comfortable. Encouraging them to get up and sit in a chair during the day. Encouraging them to work with a physical or occupational therapist. Helping them eat and drink.
An alteration in mental status refers to general changes in brain function, such as confusion , amnesia ( memory loss ), loss of alertness, disorientation (not cognizant of self, time, or place), defects in judgment or thought, unusual or strange behavior, poor regulation of emotions, and disruptions in perception,
Symptoms can sometimes develop suddenly and quickly get worse, but they can also develop gradually over many months or years.