Because our immune system changes as we get older, it responds differently to the infection. Instead of pain symptoms, seniors with a UTI may show increased signs of confusion , agitation or withdrawal.
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection in older adults urethral burning with urination . pelvic pain. frequent urination . an urgent need to urinate. a fever . chills . urine with an abnormal odor.
If left untreated, a UTI can lead to acute or chronic kidney infections, which could permanently damage these vital organs and even lead to kidney failure. UTIs are also a leading cause of sepsis, an extreme and potentially life-threatening bodily response to an infection.
UTIs can cause a significant and distressing change in someone’s behaviour that is commonly referred to as ‘ acute confusional state ‘ or ‘ delirium ‘. Delirium is a change in someone’s mental state and usually develops over one or two days .
People shouldn’t die from a UTI , but if sepsis begins to take over and develops to severe sepsis and then to septic shock, this is exactly what can happen. More than half the cases of urosepsis among older adults are caused by a UTI .
By drinking more water, the urge to urinate will become more frequent. Urinating more often prevents infecting bacteria that cause UTIs from building up. Get moving: Elderly people who are sedentary have a higher risk for UTIs . Walking more frequently, even in small increments, helps in preventing UTIs in the elderly .
When left untreated , UTIs can cause serious problems in the elderly , including permanent kidney damage and sepsis, a generalized and potentially life-threatening infection.
Sepsis Symptoms Fever and chills. Very low body temperature. Peeing less than usual. Fast heartbeat. Nausea and vomiting. Diarrhea. Fatigue or weakness. Blotchy or discolored skin.
Antibiotics are an effective treatment for UTIs . However, the body can often resolve minor, uncomplicated UTIs on its own without the help of antibiotics . By some estimates, 25–42 percent of uncomplicated UTI infections clear on their own. In these cases, people can try a range of home remedies to speed up recovery .
But there are other pre-existing conditions, activities, and products that can lead to a UTI . Some of the most common causes include: Dehydration – Drinking enough water, especially during hot summer months, can make the difference between flushing out the bacteria that can cause a UTI or not.
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole , nitrofurantoin , and fosfomycin are the most preferred antibiotics for treating a UTI.
For example, some medical issues that can cause hallucinations include dehydration, urinary tract infections , kidney or bladder infections , head injuries from a fall, or pain.
If the cause of delirium is properly identified and treated, delirium often lasts less than one month from the onset of symptoms to the time of recovery. However, an episode of delirium may last anywhere from a few hours to many weeks, depending on the cause and necessary treatment.
Older women are more likely to get UTIs because the bladder muscles weaken and make it hard to fully empty the bladder . This causes urine to stay in the bladder . When urine stays in the bladder too long, it makes an infection more likely.