Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common disorder of the central nervous system and the most frequent cause of devastating dementia in the elderly. Typified by loss of memory and by cognitive decline, AD lowers the quality of life of patients, puts a major burden on the family and costs countries around the world billions of dollars annually.
There are over 70 other diseases and conditions which cause irreversible dementia. These include: Down syndrome , Huntington’s disease , AIDS, Creutzfield Jakob Disease (the human form of ‘ Mad Cow Disease ‘), Pick’s Disease and Parkinson’s disease .
Alzheimer’s disease . This is the most common cause of dementia, accounting for 60 to 80 percent of cases. It is caused by specific changes in the brain.
Irreversible dementias – known as degenerative dementias –continue getting worse over time, according to the NCC. Conditions that can cause reversible dementias include: Depression. Hearing and vision issues. Infections. Medication interactions. Metabolic problems. Thyroid abnormalities. Vitamin deficiencies.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. Between 60 and 80 percent of cases of dementia are caused by this disease, according to the Alzheimer’s Association.
In the literature, the most frequently observed potentially reversible conditions identified in patients with cognitive impairment or dementia are depression, adverse effects of drugs, drug or alcohol abuse, space-occupying lesions, normal pressure hydrocephalus, and metabolic conditions land endocrinal conditions like
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common irreversible cause of dementia, accounting for 50% to 70% of all dementia cases2.
Someone in stages 1-3 does not typically exhibit enough symptoms for a dementia diagnosis. By the time a diagnosis has been made, a dementia patient is typically in stage 4 or beyond. Stage 4 is considered “early dementia ,” stages 5 and 6 are considered “middle dementia ,” and stage 7 is considered “late dementia .”
Dementia is caused by damage to or loss of nerve cells and their connections in the brain. Depending on the area of the brain that’s affected by the damage, dementia can affect people differently and cause different symptoms.
10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Memory loss that disrupts daily life. Challenges in planning or solving problems. Difficulty completing familiar tasks. Confusion with time or place. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships. New problems with words in speaking or writing.
The Worst Form of Dementia ? Because Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause and the most often studied, people may believe it to be the “ worst ” form of dementia . “In general, for anybody with dementia , it’s just horrible — for the person and the caregivers,” says Dr. Shah.
Even though Pick disease is not reversible , treatment can slow the progression of symptoms in some people. Relieving symptoms can improve function significantly. Some of the important treatment strategies in dementia are described here.
We now know otherwise. Similarly, dementia can be reversed if caught early enough and by attending to all the factors that affect brain function – including diet, exercise, stress, nutritional deficiencies, toxins, hormonal imbalances, and inflammation. To do this is, in fact, quite simple.
The Mini–Mental State Examination (MMSE) or Folstein test is a 30 -point questionnaire that is used extensively in clinical and research settings to measure cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine and allied health to screen for dementia.
In the earlier stages, memory loss and confusion may be mild. The person with dementia may be aware of — and frustrated by — the changes taking place, such as difficulty recalling recent events, making decisions or processing what was said by others.
The Seven Stages of Dementia Stage 1: No impairment. Stage 2: Very mild cognitive decline . Stage 3: Mild cognitive decline . Stage 4: Moderate cognitive decline . Stage 5: Moderately severe cognitive decline .