Incidence of ovarian carcinoma increases as age advances, with a peak occurring during the seventh decade of life; incidence remains elevated until the age of 80 . Older women are more likely to present with advanced disease and are less likely to be offered radical surgery and chemotherapy.
Ovarian cancer (OC) is predominantly the disease of elderly women. More than half of all OC occur in women older than 65 years. The incidence of the disease increases with the advancing age, peaking during 7(th) decade of life and remains elevated until the age of 80 years.
Among the 848 cases of epithelial ovarian cancer identified, fewer than 25% of women over age 70 were seen by a gynecologic oncologist, compared to 55% of women aged 40 to 59 and 42.6% of those aged 60 to 69.
Bloating. Pelvic or abdominal (belly) pain. Trouble eating or feeling full quickly. Urinary symptoms such as urgency (always feeling like you have to go) or frequency (having to go often )
Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include: Abdominal bloating or swelling . Quickly feeling full when eating. Weight loss . Discomfort in the pelvis area. Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation . A frequent need to urinate.
Back pain – Many sufferers of ovarian cancer will experience excrutiating back pain . If the tumor spreads in the abdomen or pelvis, it can irritate tissue in the lower back .
Study Finds Many Ovarian Cancer Patients Going Untreated The investigators found that, regardless of cancer stage, those who had surgery lived an average of 57 months, compared to less than 12 months for those who had chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and 1.4 months for those who received no treatment .
Does ovarian cancer spread quickly ? Ovarian cancer grows quickly and can progress from early stages to advanced within a year. With the most common form, malignant epithelial carcinoma, the cancer cells can grow out of control quickly and spread in weeks or months.
Ovarian cysts can affect a woman of any age, most commonly during childbearing years . Women with ovarian cysts who are past menopause (age 50– 70 ) have a higher risk of ovarian cancer.
Ultrasound is often the first test done if a problem with the ovaries is suspected. It can be used to find an ovarian tumor and to check if it is a solid mass (tumor) or a fluid-filled cyst. It can also be used to get a better look at the ovary to see how big it is and how it looks inside.
As with most cancers the risk of developing ovarian cancer increases as a woman gets older. Women over the age of 50 have a higher risk , and most cases of ovarian cancer occur in women who have already gone through the menopause. More than half the cases of ovarian cancer diagnosed are women over 65 years.
The Pap test does not check for ovarian cancer . The only cancer the Pap test screens for is cervical cancer . Since there is no simple and reliable way to screen for any gynecologic cancer except for cervical cancer , it is especially important to recognize warning signs, and learn what you can do to reduce your risk.
Metastatic ovarian cancer is an advanced stage malignancy that has spread from the cells in the ovaries to distant areas of the body. This type of cancer is most likely to spread to the liver, the fluid around the lungs, the spleen, the intestines, the brain, skin or lymph nodes outside of the abdomen.
Other symptoms of ovarian cancer can include: persistent indigestion or feeling sick . pain during sex. a change in your bowel habits.
A wide spectrum of benign extraovarian pathology may closely resemble ovarian cancer . Fallopian tube disease such as hydrosalpinx, tuboovarian abscess, and chronic ectopic pregnancy may mimic cystic or solid ovarian neoplasm. Pedunculated uterine leiomyomas may imitate ovarian lesions.