Aortic stenosis (AS) is perhaps the most common and most often cause of sudden death among valvular heart diseases. Its prevalence is low among adults aged < 60 years, but increases to almost 10% in adults ≥ 80 years.
Age related , or degenerative valvular heart disease, represents the most common etiology of aortic stenosis in the elderly population. Degenerative aortic valve disease affects over 25% of all patients over the age of 65.
Without treatment, the average life expectancy after the onset of heart failure due to aortic stenosis is between 6 to 24 months.
Signs and symptoms of aortic valve disease may include: Abnormal heart sound (heart murmur) heard through a stethoscope. Shortness of breath , particularly when you have been very active or when you lie down. Dizziness. Fainting . Chest pain or tightness . Irregular heartbeat .
Risk factors of aortic valve stenosis include: Older age. Certain heart conditions present at birth (congenital heart disease) such as a bicuspid aortic valve. History of infections that can affect the heart . Having cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
If left untreated, severe aortic stenosis can lead to heart failure. Intense fatigue , shortness of breath, and swelling of your ankles and feet are all signs of this. It can also lead to heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias) and even sudden cardiac death.
Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, poultry, fish, and whole grains. Avoid saturated and trans fat, and excess salt and sugar.
Thus all afterload reducing agents ( angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors , calcium channel blockers , blockers) are contraindicated. However, in patients with mild to moderate aortic stenosis vasodilators such as hydralazine can increase cardiac output.
Symptoms of aortic stenosis may include: Chest pain . Rapid, fluttering heartbeat . Trouble breathing or feeling short of breath. Feeling dizzy or light-headed, even fainting . Difficulty walking short distances. Swollen ankles or feet. Difficulty sleeping or needing to sleep sitting up.
Working out is good for your heart , even if you have aortic stenosis . First, check with your doctor about what’s OK to do. Ask if there are any physical activity you should avoid. You’ll also want to know how long your heart rate can safely be raised and if you need to track how high it gets during a workout .
The aortic valve and the mitral valve are the most commonly replaced valves. Pulmonary and tricuspid valve replacements are fairly uncommon in adults.
There are four stages of heart failure ( Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure ” to “advanced heart failure ,” and provide treatment plans.
Symptoms of severe aortic stenosis include trouble breathing, a rapid heartbeat, and experiencing a variety of symptoms after exertion, such as being very tired, dizziness or fainting, and chest pain . As the aortic valve becomes more stiff and narrow, the heart has a harder time pumping blood to the body.
Without aortic valve replacement, only a few people with the disease survive past 5 years .