Older people can have a tough time dealing with heat and humidity. The temperature inside or outside does not have to reach 100°F ( 38°C ) to put them at risk for a heat-related illness. Headache, confusion, dizziness, or nausea could be a sign of a heat-related illness.
Older adults are especially vulnerable to developing heat stroke when temperatures are high because of the aging body’s decreased capacity to adapt to changes in body temperature . Heat stroke is a medical emergency and can cause: high body temperatures (103ºF or higher) dry or damp, hot, red skin.
What You Can Do to Protect Yourself Rest. Take a cool shower, bath, or sponge bath. If possible, seek an air-conditioned environment. Wear lightweight clothing. If possible, remain indoors in the heat of the day. Do not engage in strenuous activities.
But as you get older , it becomes harder for your body to control its temperature . A decrease in the amount of fat below the skin makes it harder to stay warm. You may need to wear layers of clothing to feel warm. Aging decreases your ability to sweat.
Among adults, the average body temperature ranges from 97°F ( 36.1°C ) to 99°F ( 37.2°C ). Adults over age 65. In older adults, the average body temperature is lower than 98.6°F ( 37°C ).
Dangerously low body temperatures can lead to serious health problems like heart attack, organ damage, and even death. Keeping the thermostat set to a safe temperature , between 68 and 74 degrees Fahrenheit, is the easiest way to safeguard against hypothermia.
People aged 65 years and over are at increased risk of heat -related illnesses and need special care in hot weather . Risk factors include living alone, chronic medical problems and certain medications. Take steps to prevent heat stress on days when the temperature is predicted to rise above 30°C or so.
Keep it Cool with Hot Weather Advice for Older People Get the victim out of the sun and into a cool place, preferably one that is air-conditioned. Offer fluids but avoid alcohol and caffeine. Water, fruit and vegetable juices are best. Encourage the individual to shower, bathe or sponge off with cool water. Urge the person to lie down and rest, preferably in a cool place.
Symptoms of Heat Stroke Throbbing headache . Dizziness and light-headedness. Lack of sweating despite the heat. Red, hot, and dry skin . Muscle weakness or cramps. Nausea and vomiting. Rapid heartbeat , which may be either strong or weak. Rapid, shallow breathing.
Dizziness and fainting – heat -related dizziness and fainting results from reduced blood flow to the brain. Heat causes an increase in blood flow to the skin and pooling of blood in the legs, which can lead to a sudden drop in blood pressure.
Our circulation decreases as we age due to the walls of our blood vessels naturally losing their elasticity. When blood moves slower through our bodies, our extremities are colder and get cold faster. Another possible cause of feeling colder as we age is the thinning fat layer under our skin that conserves heat.
A core body temperature of 104 F (40 C) or higher, obtained with a rectal thermometer, is the main sign of heatstroke. Altered mental state or behavior. Confusion, agitation , slurred speech, irritability, delirium, seizures and coma can all result from heatstroke. Alteration in sweating.
The hypothalamus helps keep the body’s internal functions in balance. It helps regulate: Appetite and weight. Body temperature.
What Are Normal Vital Signs? Normal Respiratory Rate for Elderly: 12 to 18 breaths per minute. Normal Temperature for Elderly: 97.8 to 99 degrees Fahrenheit. Normal Blood Pressure for Elderly: 120/80 mmHg or below (Pre- hypertension : 121 to 139 mmHg) Normal Heart Rate for Elderly: 60 to 100 beats per minute.
According to the present results, heart rates higher than 80/min should be considered hazardous in elderly men.