Symptoms specific to vascular dementia Symptoms can sometimes develop suddenly and quickly get worse, but they can also develop gradually over many months or years.
Some possible causes include: Autoimmune diseases (conditions that over-activate the immune system) Unusual presentations of more common neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer’s disease) Prion diseases (rare forms of neurodegenerative disease) Infections. Impaired blood flow to or in the brain.
Thyroid, kidney, liver, heart and lung problems, urinary and chest infections and strokes are among the many medical conditions that can produce dementia-like symptoms.
Some of the most common causes of sudden confusion include: an infection – urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common cause in elderly people or people with dementia. a stroke or TIA (“mini-stroke”) a low blood sugar level in people with diabetes – read about treating low blood sugar.
During the middle stages of Alzheimer’s , it becomes necessary to provide 24 – hour supervision to keep the person with dementia safe. As the disease progresses into the late-stages, around-the-clock care requirements become more intensive.
Resiberg’s system: Stage 1: No Impairment. During this stage, Alzheimer’s is not detectable and no memory problems or other symptoms of dementia are evident. Stage 2: Very Mild Decline . Stage 3: Mild Decline . Stage 4: Moderate Decline . Stage 5 : Moderately Severe Decline . Stage 6: Severe Decline . Stages 7: Very Severe Decline .
10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Memory loss that disrupts daily life. Challenges in planning or solving problems. Difficulty completing familiar tasks. Confusion with time or place. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships. New problems with words in speaking or writing.
Sleeping more and more is a common feature of later-stage dementia . As the disease progresses, the damage to a person’s brain becomes more extensive and they gradually become weaker and frailer over time.
It typically peaks in the middle stages of Alzheimer’s, and then diminishes as the disease progresses. Scientists don’t completely understand why sleep disturbances occur with Alzheimer’s disease and dementia .
Dementia is usually considered as three stages : mild (or “early”), moderate (or “middle”), and severe (or “late”). A more specific stage of dementia , however, is commonly assigned based on symptoms . It can also be helpful to know how symptoms change over stages .
Someone in the early stages of dementia may often become confused. When memory, thinking, or judgment lapses, confusion may arise as they can no longer remember faces, find the right words, or interact with people normally. Confusion can occur for a number of reasons and apply to different situations.
Memory loss and dementia Often, memory loss that disrupts your life is one of the first or more-recognizable signs of dementia . Other early signs might include: Asking the same questions repeatedly. Forgetting common words when speaking.
Once in hospital , delirium can be caused by a combination of numerous factors, including surgery, infection, isolation, dehydration, poor nutrition and medications such as painkillers, sedatives and sleeping pills.
How families can help avoid or limit hospital delirium Consult with a geriatric specialist. Bring a full medication list to any new health professional. Make things familiar. Stay close. Insist on sensory aids. Promote activity. Be there for meals. Participate in discharge planning.
Tips for Communicating with a Confused Patient Try to address the patient directly, even if his or her cognitive capacity is diminished. Gain the person’s attention. Speak distinctly and at a natural rate of speed. Help orient the patient . If possible, meet in surroundings familiar to the patient . Support and reassure the patient .