For caregivers, it’s critical to learn about the most common infections in the elderly and their often-elusive signs and symptoms: “Nonspecific symptoms, such as decline in functioning, incontinence, loss of appetite and mental status changes may be the presenting signs of infection,” according to an article in Infectious Disease Clinics of North America.
These can include: feeling dizzy or faint. a change in mental state – such as confusion or disorientation. diarrhoea . nausea and vomiting. slurred speech. severe muscle pain. severe breathlessness . less urine production than normal – for example, not urinating for a day.
Know the Signs and Symptoms of Infection Fever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection). Chills and sweats. Change in cough or a new cough. Sore throat or new mouth sore. Shortness of breath. Nasal congestion. Stiff neck. Burning or pain with urination.
The classic symptoms of a urinary tract infection ( UTI ) are burning pain and frequent urination. UTIs may not cause these classic symptoms in older adults . Instead, older adults , especially those with dementia, may experience behavioral symptoms such as confusion.
Symptoms can include increasing pain, swelling, and redness. More severe infections may cause nausea, chills, or fever . A person may be able to treat minor wound infections at home. However, people with more severe or persistent wound infections should seek medical attention.
Oct. 26, 2010 — Sepsis is a leading cause of death in hospital ICUs, and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to the life-threatening blood infection . The thinking had been that once the crisis is over, older people who survive sepsis make full recoveries. But new research finds the opposite to be true.
There are high mortality rates of around 50%-60% in elderly patients with severe sepsis and septic shock[4,9,73]. The mortality due to severe sepsis in elderly patients is 1.3-1.5 times higher than that in younger cohorts[4,9]. Several studies have found age to be an independent predictor of mortality[4,5,8,9].
Call a doctor or go to the hospital right away if you think you might have a skin infection and: You have a fever of 100.4 degrees or higher. You’re in a lot of pain. The redness or swelling spreads.
There are three stages of sepsis: sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock .
Itching may be a symptom of an infection , such as: chickenpox or another viral infection . athlete’s foot – a fungal infection that causes itching in between the toes. ringworm – a fungal infection that causes a ring-like red rash to develop on the skin and can cause an itchy scalp.
When left untreated , UTIs can cause serious problems in the elderly , including permanent kidney damage and sepsis, a generalized and potentially life-threatening infection.
Sepsis Symptoms Fever and chills. Very low body temperature. Peeing less than usual. Fast heartbeat. Nausea and vomiting. Diarrhea. Fatigue or weakness. Blotchy or discolored skin.
For caregivers, it’s critical to learn about the most common infections in the elderly and their often-elusive signs and symptoms: “Nonspecific symptoms, such as decline in functioning, incontinence , loss of appetite and mental status changes may be the presenting signs of infection,” according to an article in
People with sepsis often develop a hemorrhagic rash—a cluster of tiny blood spots that look like pinpricks in the skin . If untreated, these gradually get bigger and begin to look like fresh bruises. These bruises then join together to form larger areas of purple skin damage and discoloration.
Antibiotics are only needed for treating certain infections caused by bacteria , but even some bacterial infections get better without antibiotics .
Table 2 Data on severity, site and nature of sepsis for study patients. The survival data show that 267 patients (63%) survived to leave the ICU, 249 (57%) survived to leave the hospital, 185 (42%) survived to 3.5 years and 172 (39%) survived to 5 years (Figure 2). Loss to follow-up occurred in 79/494 (16%) patients.