The most common cause of seizure activity in seniors is cerebrovascular disease, occurring more frequently as a consequence of a hemorrhagic stroke than the nonhemorrhagic type.
Anything that interrupts the normal connections between nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure . This includes a high fever, high or low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion. But when a person has 2 or more seizures with no known cause , this is diagnosed as epilepsy .
Seizures among older adults can be attributed to myriad conditions that affect the brain; the Epilepsy Foundation states that seizures are associated with physical changes in an elder’s brain caused by a stroke, heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, or brain tumors.
In this population they can be due to primary or metastatic brain cancers, strokes, toxic/metabolic causes like hypoglycemia, or pre-existing epilepsy . The incidence of seizures in dying patients is unknown, and while likely uncommon, they can cause tremendous distress to patients and families.
Tonic, Clonic and Tonic-Clonic (Formerly called Grand Mal) Seizures .
Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage .
Most often, seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in your brain — these are called epileptic seizures . Call 911 or seek emergency medical help for seizures if: A seizure lasts more than five minutes. Someone experiences a seizure for the first time.
These are general steps to help someone who is having any type seizure : Stay with the person until the seizure ends and he or she is fully awake. Comfort the person and speak calmly. Check to see if the person is wearing a medical bracelet or other emergency information. Keep yourself and other people calm.
You may keep having some symptoms even after the seizure activity in your brain has stopped. This is because some symptoms are after -effects of a seizure , like sleepiness, confusion, certain movements or being unable to move, and difficulty talking or thinking normally.
These EEGs use video to capture seizure activity. The EEG may show abnormalities even if the seizure does not occur during the test. However, it does not always show past abnormalities related to seizure .
Overall, the most common etiology of adult onset seizures is stroke. Other causes in descending order are idiopathic seizures , CNS infections, metabolic causes , and brain tumors.
The most common cause of seizures is epilepsy. But not every person who has a seizure has epilepsy. Sometimes seizures happen because of: High fever , which can be associated with an infection such as meningitis .
They could have: Different sleep -wake patterns. Little appetite and thirst. Fewer and smaller bowel movements and less pee. More pain. Changes in blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate. Body temperature ups and downs that may leave their skin cool, warm, moist, or pale.
Common symptoms at the end of life include the following: Delirium. Feeling very tired. Shortness of breath. Pain. Coughing. Constipation. Trouble swallowing. Rattle sound with breathing .
Some people recover quickly from a tonic clonic seizure but often they will be very tired, want to sleep and may not feel back to normal for several hours or sometimes days. Most people’s seizures will stop on their own and the person will not need any medical help.