Scabies, an ectoparasitic infestation of the skin by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, is a clinical problem of particular significance in the elderly population because of unique vulnerability factors. Such factors include reduced mobility, residency in grouped living facilities, and difficulty with impl …Author:
Jodi Raffi, Jodi Raffi, Raagini Suresh, Daniel C. ButlerCited by:
Scabies usually spreads through direct skin contact with an infested person . Clothing and bedding contaminated by an infested person may also carry the mites or eggs and transmit the disease. Transmission within household and institutional settings is common.
The scabies rash looks like blisters or pimples: pink, raised bumps with a clear top filled with fluid. Sometimes they appear in a row. Scabies can also cause gray lines on your skin along with red bumps. Your skin may have red and scaly patches.
The only way to keep scabies away is to avoid prolonged, direct skin-to-skin contact with a person who has them. You also want to avoid touching items, like bedding or clothing, that the person has used. If you , or someone in your home, has scabies or has been exposed to it, seek treatment right away.
Without treatment , scabies can be a long-term infestation that can spread to other people. During the course of the illness, persistent scratching can lead to chronic crusting of the skin or to painful secondary skin infections caused by bacteria.
Scabies can live for up to 72 hours on a mattress without human contact.
The main symptoms of scabies are intense itching and a rash in areas of the body where the mites have burrowed. The itching is often worse at night , when your skin is warmer. It may take 4 to 6 weeks before the itching starts because this is how long it takes for the body to react to mite droppings.
Since scabies spreads fast, you’ll need to treat your home as well. This will help ensure the scabies are fully removed from your environment. Use disinfectant sprays, including those that contain permethrin, on surfaces and clothing. Apply rubbing alcohol or Lysol to kill bugs on hard surfaces.
Tea tree oil. Tea tree oil is an effective topical treatment for scabies since it relieves itching and heals the rash on the skin, but it doesn’t work as well on the eggs deeper in the skin. You can also add a few drops of tea tree oil to a squirt bottle, and spray it on your bedding.
Signs and symptoms of scabies include a skin rash composed of small red bumps and blisters that affects specific areas of the body. Other symptoms can include tiny red burrows on the skin and relentless itching. The itchy skin leads to frequent scratching, which may predispose the skin to secondary infections.
Scabies is contagious , even before you notice symptoms. Mites can live on a person for as long as one to two months, and scabies is contagious until treated. The mites should begin to die within a few hours of applying the treatment, and most people can return to work or school 24 hours after treatment.
Take a hot, soapy bath or shower to remove medicine. Put on clean clothes and change the bedding. Wash and dry underwear and bed linens with hot water and hot dryer settings.
Scabies is spread by prolonged skin-to-skin contact with a person who has scabies . Scabies sometimes also can be spread by contact with items such as clothing, bedding, or towels that have been used by a person with scabies , but such spread is very uncommon unless the infested person has crusted scabies .
Scabies is caused by Sarcoptes scabiei, a mite which lays its eggs under the surface of your skin and reproduces. When the eggs hatch, mites crawl out onto your skin and make new burrows. The mites can be difficult to identify and may be confused with pubic lice as both conditions cause itching in the genital area.
Scabies mites die when exposed to high heat. To kill scabies mites on items such as bedding, clothing, and towels: Machine-wash the items using hot water and dry them in a clothes dryer using the hot cycle for at least 20 minutes. If items can ‘t be washed, place them in a sealed plastic bag.
During the first week of treatment, it may seem as if the symptoms are getting worse. However, after the first week, you’ll notice less itching, and you should be completely healed by the fourth week of treatment. Skin that hasn’t healed within a month may still be infested with scabies mites.