Readers ask: Why Blood Pressure Changes In The Elderly?

Readers ask: Why Blood Pressure Changes In The Elderly?

“As you age, the vascular system changes. This includes your heart and blood vessels. In the blood vessels, there’s a reduction in elastic tissue in your arteries, causing them to become stiffer and less compliant. As a result, your blood pressure increases,” Nakano said.

Why does BP drop in elderly?

The risk of both low and high blood pressure normally increases with age due in part to normal changes during aging. In addition, blood flow to the heart muscle and the brain declines with age, often as a result of plaque buildup in blood vessels. An estimated 10% to 20% of people over age 65 have postural hypotension.

What causes a person’s blood pressure to fluctuate?

Everyone’s blood pressure rises and falls many times during the course of a single day, sometimes even within minutes. Many factors contribute to these changes, including physical activity, emotion, body position, diet (especially salt and alcohol intake), and sleep deprivation.

What BP is too low for elderly?

According to the guidelines, the new normal blood pressure for seniors (and everyone else) is less than 120/80. Blood pressure is generally considered too low if it dips below 90/60.

What causes low blood pressure in elderly woman?

Orthostatic hypotension can occur for various reasons, including dehydration, prolonged bed rest, pregnancy, diabetes, heart problems, burns, excessive heat, large varicose veins and certain neurological disorders.

How much blood pressure fluctuation is normal?

Compared to patients whose blood pressure remained stable, the researchers found that an average blood pressure variation of about 15 mm Hg was linked to a 30 percent raised risk of heart attack or fatal heart disease, and a 46 percent raised risk of stroke.

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Does blood pressure change with age?

“As you age, the vascular system changes. This includes your heart and blood vessels. In the blood vessels, there’s a reduction in elastic tissue in your arteries, causing them to become stiffer and less compliant. As a result, your blood pressure increases,” Nakano said.

What to do if suddenly BP increases?

If your high blood pressure is caused by lifestyle factors, you can take steps to reduce your risk:

  1. Lose weight.
  2. Stop smoking.
  3. Eat properly.
  4. Exercise.
  5. Lower your salt intake.
  6. Reduce your alcohol consumption.
  7. Learn relaxation methods.

What are the new blood pressure guidelines for seniors 2021?

Within the first three months of starting pharmacotherapy, the BP target should be less than 140/90 mm Hg. Recommended long-term blood pressure targets are less than 130/80 mm Hg in patients younger than 65 years and less than 140/90 mm Hg in patients 65 years or older.

What are the new blood pressure guidelines for seniors 2020?

The new guidelines change nothing if you’re younger than 60. But if you’re 60 or older, the target has moved up: Your goal is to keep your blood pressure at 150/90 or lower. If you have kidney disease or diabetes, your target used to be 130/80 or lower; now it’s 140/90 or lower.

What is the normal blood pressure for a 85 year old?

Clearly, this is a small percentage, but not an insignificant number. When treating hypertension in patients over the age of 85 years, the usual target blood pressure is 150/80 mmHg for reduction of the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular events.

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How is low blood pressure treated in the elderly?

Treatment

  1. Use more salt. Experts usually recommend limiting salt in your diet because sodium can raise blood pressure, sometimes dramatically.
  2. Drink more water. Fluids increase blood volume and help prevent dehydration, both of which are important in treating hypotension.
  3. Wear compression stockings.
  4. Medications.

What is normal blood pressure for a 74 year old woman?

The ideal blood pressure for seniors is now considered 120/80 (systolic/diastolic), which is the same for younger adults. The high blood pressure range for seniors starts at hypertension stage 1, spanning between 130-139/80-89.

Alice Sparrow

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