Male sex, older age, diabetes, lack of emotional support, hypertension, greater pulse pressure, and greater body mass index were associated with an increased incidence of heart failure (Table 2). Race, education, functional status, and cognitive function were not associated with the de- velopment of heart failure.
The most common causes of HF in the elderly are coronary atherosclerotic disease and arterial hypertension, which often coexist. Other common causes in developing countries are: arrhythmias, endocrinopathies, infiltrative, idiopathic and dilated cardiomyopathy, infection and alcohol.
In people older than 75, congestive heart failure occurs 10 times more often than in younger adults. Coronary artery disease is fairly common. It is often a result of atherosclerosis. High blood pressure and orthostatic hypotension are more common with older age.
The commonest causes of HF are coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension and diabetes, however, hypertension and diabetes have been found to be stronger risk factors in elderly women and CAD and smoking are stronger risk factors in elderly men.
Coronary artery disease, heart attack, and high blood pressure are the main causes and risk factors of heart failure.
It can occur at any age, but is most common in older people. Heart failure is a long-term condition that tends to get gradually worse over time. It cannot usually be cured, but the symptoms can often be controlled for many years.
The respiratory system undergoes multiple changes with aging, which increases the frequency of commonly seen symptoms, such as cough, rhinitis, and dyspnea. As people age, nasal passages become less cartilaginous resulting in overall decreased patency.
In a recent study, it was reported that patients hospitalized with moderate systolic heart failure faced a median expected survival time of 2.4 years if they were aged 71 to 80 years and 1.4 years if they were aged 80 years or more. In patients with more advanced systolic dysfunction, life expectancy was even shorter.
As you get older, you are more likely to have heart failure — it’s the leading cause of hospitalization for people over age 65. But men and women under 65 also are at risk for developing heart failure.
Much depends on the stage of your loved one’s condition, and their overall health. While advancements have been made, according to a 2008 study, 50% of patients will have an average life expectancy of five years. For those with advanced heart failure, up to 90% will pass away within one year.
Although there have been recent improvements in congestive heart failure treatment, researchers say the prognosis for people with the disease is still bleak, with about 50% having an average life expectancy of less than five years. For those with advanced forms of heart failure, nearly 90% die within one year.
Life expectancy with congestive heart failure varies depending on the severity of the condition, genetics, age, and other factors. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around one-half of all people diagnosed with congestive heart failure will survive beyond five years.
Aging can cause changes in the heart and blood vessels. For example, as you get older, your heart can’t beat as fast during physical activity or times of stress as it did when you were younger. However, the number of heartbeats per minute (heart rate) at rest does not change significantly with normal aging.
Congestive heart failure affects people of all ages, from children and young adults to the middle-aged and the elderly. Almost 1.4 million persons with CHF are under 60 years of age. CHF is present in 2 percent of persons age 40 to 59. More than 5 percent of persons age 60 to 69 have CHF.
These include lifelong control of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes and smoking cessation. High blood pressure and diabetes are independent risks for congestive heart failure. Alcohol and drug abuse may be a cause of heart failure.