Indeed, millions of seniors across the country quietly go hungry as the safety net designed to catch them frays. Nearly 8% of Americans 60 and older were “food insecure” in 2017, according to a recent study released by the anti-hunger group Feeding America.
It is estimated that almost 50 percent of older Americans are malnourished.
Memory capacity changes in older age, short-term memory is more pronounced decline around age 70. An Autobiographical memories are one’s own life memories.
When an elderly person demonstrates difficulty with multi-step verbal information presented quickly, the person is exhibiting problems with working memory. Working memory is among the cognitive functions most sensitive to decline in old age.
Gerontology is a field of science that seeks to understand the process of aging and the challenges encountered as seniors grow older. Gerontologists investigate age, aging, and the aged. Gerontologists study what it is like to be an older adult in a society and the ways that aging affects members of a society.
Malnutrition can become a major concern. The incidence of malnutrition ranges from 12% to 50% among the hospitalized elderly population and from 23% to 60% among institutionalized older adults.
Seniors are particularly susceptible to malnutrition, because not only do they have different nutritional needs than younger adults, they also take more medications, and have higher rates of chronic medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease.
As you grow older, you experience physiological changes that can cause glitches in brain functions you ‘ve always taken for granted. It takes longer to learn and recall information. You’re not as quick as you used to be. In fact, you may mistake this slowing of your mental processes for true memory loss.
Episodic memory decline, while noticeable and annoying, is not cause for concern. It is a normal part of aging. Now the good news. Another type of memory— semantic memory —increases with age.
While a vast amount of research has accumulated to suggest that implicit memory remains relatively stable over the adult lifespan, and is similar in samples of young and older adults, other studies have in contrast revealed that implicit memory is subject to age-related decline.
The result is that as you age, it takes longer to absorb, process, and remember new information. The natural loss of receptors and neurons that occurs with aging may also make it harder to concentrate. In addition, the ability to perform tasks that involve executive function declines with age.
The simplest answer is to consider the many demonstrations of cognitive flexibility in both healthy and brain-damaged older adults. Research has shown that healthy older adults compensate for processing decline by relying on alternative strategies to perform tasks.
The most important changes in cognition with normal aging are declines in performance on cognitive tasks that require one to quickly process or transform information to make a decision, including measures of speed of processing, working memory, and executive cognitive function.
In societies today the elderly is seen as less valuable since their individualism, self-reliance, and independence would have been altered. Some elderly are perceived in a positive light from time to time because they are actively involved in the community, loyal, sociable, and warm.
Gerontology is the study of the physical aspects of aging, as well as the mental, social and societal implications of aging.
Cognitive impairments, such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, greatly increase the likelihood of abuse. It’s estimated that as many as 23% of dementia patients experience physical abuse versus 10% for the entire senior population, and anywhere from 27.9-62.3% of dementia patients experience psychological abuse.