People tend to bruise more easily as they age because blood vessels become weaker and the skin thins. Easy bruising may also run in families, so people whose relatives bruise easily may notice that they do as well.
Some people — especially women — are more prone to bruising than others. As you get older, your skin also becomes thinner and loses some of the protective fatty layer that helps cushion your blood vessels from injury.
Low on Vitamin C This essential vitamin helps make collagen, an important protein that keeps your blood vessels healthy. If you don’t get enough vitamin C in your diet, you may notice that you bruise easily.
If a bruise occurs as the result of a minor bump or fall, putting a cold compress on the area can reduce the bleeding and improve swelling. To prevent bruises in the first place, it’s important to keep a tidy living environment free of clutter or furniture that could cause tripping or bumping.
Vitamin C supplements have been shown to reduce bruising in people with low vitamin C intake. Doctors often suggest that people who experience easy bruising supplement with 100 mg to 3 grams of vitamin C per day for several months.
Some medicines can cause easy bruising and bleeding. Examples are aspirin, pain medicines like ibuprofen (Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve), and blood thinners. If you take one of these medicines, talk to your doctor to see if you should keep taking the medicine.
A diet that includes vitamin K will prevent deficiency and may help a person bruise less. Good sources include kale, spinach, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, lettuce, soybeans, strawberries, and blueberries. Lean protein. Fish, poultry, tofu, and lean meat provide protein to help strengthen capillaries.
Fatigue, constipation, bruising, and muscle soreness are also indicators of possible vitamin deficiencies.
The following treatments can be done at home:
You may begin to bruise easily if you aren’ t getting enough iron. That’s because your body needs iron to keep your blood cells healthy. If your blood cells aren’t healthy, your body won’t be able to get the oxygen that it needs to function. This may make your skin more susceptible to bruising.
Arnica. Arnica is a homeopathic herb that is said to reduce inflammation and swelling, thus making it an ideal treatment for bruising. A 2010 study found that topical arnica ointment effectively reduced laser-induced bruising. You can use an arnica ointment or gel on the bruise a few times per day.
Ease Bruises with a Banana A simple way to help bruises fade fast is with a banana peel. Just apply a piece of banana peel, flesh side down, to the bruise, cover with a bandage, and leave on overnight. By the morning, the bruise will have faded slightly.
Low potassium impairs the functioning of platelets, which in turn will slow down the clotting of blood following injuries, even minor ones, to blood vessels. This allows more blood to seep into the tissues and shows up as bruises.
Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency can include muscle weakness, pain, fatigue and depression. To get enough D, look to certain foods, supplements, and carefully planned sunlight. Signs and symptoms might include: