Take the Right Steps to Prevent Falls
Senior care experts offer the following advice for preventing falls at home:
Fall prevention interventions relevant for primary care populations can include exercise, medication review, dietary supplements (eg, vitamin D), environment modifications, and behavioral therapy.
Interventions to Prevent Falls
There are four generally accepted categories of fall protection: fall elimination, fall prevention, fall arrest and administrative controls. According to the US Department of Labor, falls account for 8% of all work-related trauma injuries leading to death.
Call 911 and keep your loved one as warm, comfortable and still as possible until help arrives. If they aren’t badly hurt and they want to get up, proceed slowly. Stop at any point if they become stuck, experience pain or become too tired to get all the way up. Find two sturdy chairs.
“It takes a community to prevent a fall; we all have a role to play”
Fall prevention exercises Exercises that focus on balance and strength training can reduce the risk of falling. While they may have difficulty learning new activities, those living with dementia can benefit from going through the motions of balance and strength training.
During hourly rounds with patients, our nursing and support staff ask about the standard 5 Ps: potty, pain, position, possessions and peaceful environment.
Physical barriers like guardrails around unprotected edges and covers over holes are examples of passive fall protection. Passive protection is generally considered to provide a higher level of safety since the opportunity for error is less than using personal protective equipment (PPE).
Nurses described three primary strategies used to prevent falls: (a) identify patients at risk; (b) place bed/chair alarms on patients; and (c) run to alarms.
Types of safety harnesses
On many sites, guardrails are the most common and convenient means of fall protection. Where guardrails cannot be used, workers must use another means of fall protection to prevent a fall. Two basic types of fall protection are travel restraint and fall arrest. Both involve wearing a full-body harness.