Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. Germs spread this way. Avoid close contact, such as kissing, and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who have cold-like symptoms. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your upper shirt sleeve when coughing or sneezing.
Isolation precautions — Because the viruses that cause bronchiolitis are contagious, precautions must be taken to prevent spreading the virus to other patients and/or children. Parents or primary caregivers may visit (and stay with the child), but siblings and friends should not.
Infants younger than 3 months of age are at greatest risk of getting bronchiolitis because their lungs and immune systems aren’t yet fully developed. Other factors that are linked with an increased risk of bronchiolitis in infants and with more-severe cases include: Premature birth. Underlying heart or lung condition.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), RSV leads to 177,000 hospitalizations and 14,000 deaths among adults older than 65. RSV is often thought of as a childhood disease, but knowing what you can do to prevent and spot RSV can keep your older loved ones safe during cold and flu season.
How can I reduce the risk of RSV Bronchiolitis for my baby?
Treatments for bronchiolitis obliterans Corticosteroids can help clear the lungs of mucus, reduce inflammation, and open up the airways. You may need oxygen treatments and immunosuppressant medications to regulate your immune system. Breathing exercises and stress reduction can help ease breathing difficulties.
You can use a cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier in your child’s room to help loosen mucus in the airway and relieve cough and congestion. Clean it as recommended to prevent buildup of mold or bacteria. Avoid hot-water and steam humidifiers, which can cause scalding.
Bronchiolitis is a viral infection that causes the airways (bronchioles) in the lungs to become narrow, which makes breathing difficult. It occurs most often in children under age 2 during winter and early spring. Very rarely, adults can get bronchiolitis.
Runny nose, fever, stuffy nose, loss of appetite and cough are the first signs of the infection. Symptoms may worsen after a few days and may include wheezing, shortness of breath, and worsening of the cough.
The following risk factors were independently associated with severe bronchiolitis: male sex, having persistent ductus arteriosus at birth, maternal history of asthma and/or allergies, history of exposure to cigarette smoking, a family history of cigarette smoking, overcrowding, and coexistence with animals.
Older Adults Are at High Risk for Severe RSV Infection.
RSV treatment in adults is supportive, including antipyretics, supplemental oxygen, and intravenous fluids as needed. 31 Inhaled or systemic corticosteroids and bronchodilators may be used for elderly patients or patients with preexisting pulmonary conditions (e.g., asthma, COPD) with acute wheezing.
What is the incubation period for a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection? Most infants and children and older adults usually develop symptoms about 4 to 6 days after their first exposure to RSV. This is referred to as the incubation period.
Older adults are at greater risk than young adults for serious complications from RSV because our immune systems weakens when we are older. There is no vaccine to prevent RSV infection yet, but scientists are working hard to develop one. If you are concerned about your risk for RSV, talk to your doctor.
A drug called palivizumab (pah-lih-VIH-zu-mahb) is available to prevent severe RSV illness in certain infants and children who are at high risk for severe disease. This could include, for example, infants born prematurely or with congenital (present from birth) heart disease or chronic lung disease.