What is Elder Abuse? Elder abuse is an intentional act or failure to act that causes or creates a risk of harm to an older adult. An older adult is someone age 60 or older. The abuse occurs at the hands of a caregiver or a person the elder trusts.
California Penal Code 368 PC defines the crime of elder abuse as inflicting physical or emotional abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation upon a victim who is 65 years of age or older. The offense can be prosecuted as a misdemeanor or a felony, and is punishable by up to 4 years of jail or prison.
Elder neglect occurs when someone fails to properly care for an elderly person. He or she may not give the person treatments, or may give him or her the wrong amount of medicines. Neglect can happen in the person’s own home, the carer’s home, or a facility, such as a nursing home.
Signs of elder abuse untreated medical problems. fearful, anxious, withdrawn or cowed behaviour. unexplained and frequent injuries such as black eyes and broken bones. unexplained bruises or cuts on the genitals or anus.
Elder psychological abuse is the verbal or non-verbal infliction of emotional or mental anguish. Typically, the abuser repeats a pattern of behavior over time with the goal of controlling the victim through fear.
Passive Neglect – non-willful failure of a caregiver to fulfill caretaking functions and responsibilities assumed by the caregiver, including but not limited to, abandonment or denial of food or health related services because of inadequate caregiver knowledge, infirmity, or disputing the value of prescribed services. 5
Let’s take a look at the types of neglect.
If your state mandates reporting, most medical care providers have an obligation to report suspected elder abuse. If they fail to report potential abuse, they can be liable for any injuries and damages the victim may later suffer.
The most common form of elder abuse, financial abuse, is defined as any improper conduct, done with or without the informed consent of the senior that results in a monetary or personal gain to the abuser and/or monetary or personal loss for the older adult.
Elder neglect or self-neglect warning signs
Some Indicators of Psychological Abuse:
Signs of physical abuse include:
Emotional elder abuse takes place when an older person suffers harm through insults, yelling, or verbal harassment. It is also referred to as elder psychological abuse. Emotional abuse can have long-lasting health impacts on an older person, according to the National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA).
Any statement made to an elderly person that is meant to cause pain, fear or detriment is considered verbal mistreatment. This includes the following. Insults, name calling or profanities. Yelling and screaming. Mocking and criticizing.
Possible indicators of discriminatory abuse