Slurred speech, or dysarthria, is a common disorder that affects much of the elderly population. The condition occurs when the muscles of the mouth, face and throat become weakened and stop working properly. As people age, they begin to lose muscle mass all over their body.
Common causes of speech disorders include alcohol or drug poisoning, traumatic brain injury, stroke, and neuromuscular disorders. Neuromuscular disorders that often cause slurred speech include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and Parkinson’s disease.
“If you are experiencing slurred speech that comes on suddenly or with other symptoms that can be consistent with a stroke,” said Daniels, “it’s very important to seek immediate help.” Symptoms of stroke include: paralysis. numbness or weakness in the arm, face, and leg, especially on one side of the body.
shortness of breath. severe headache. slurred speech. weakness on one side of your body.
Some medications that affect the brain or nervous system, or muscles of speech, may result in dysarthria as a side effect. Some specific drugs that have been associated with dysarthria include:
This may cause an abrupt mental change, sometimes accompanied by paralysis or slurred speech. Symptoms of vascular dementia include: confusion. slurred speech.
Stroke. Trouble speaking, along with having a numb or drooping face and feeling weak in one arm or a leg, is one of the major signs of stroke. When the oxygen supply has been cut off to your brain by a blood clot, you could have slurred speech or be hard to understand, or be unable to talk at all.
Proper speech requires normal function of the brain, mouth, tongue, and vocal cords (larynx). Damage or disease affecting any of these organs may cause slurred speech. Common causes of slurred speech include alcohol or drug intoxication, traumatic brain injury, stroke, and neuromuscular disorders.
A lack of sleep alters the brain to such a degree that a person sounds drunk when they speak, according to a US study. Bystanders might describe this type of speech as “tired-sounding” or “slurred,” but experts studying the phenomenon say those descriptions aren’t quite accurate.
Causes of adult speech impairment
Atherosclerosis symptoms If in the arteries leading to your brain, you may experience a sudden numbness or weakness in your arms or legs, difficulty speaking or slurred speech, or drooping muscles in your face. If in your coronary (heart) arteries, you may experience chest pain, shortness of breath or heart attack.
The five warning signs of stroke are:
(slɜːd) adjective. indistinct and difficult to hear or understand. Her speech was so slurred as to be almost incomprehensible. One of the early symptoms of the disease is slurred speech.
The following neurologic disorders can have voice disorders included in the disease progression: