Any type of infection can cause sepsis, from the flu to an infected bug bite, but the most common infections that trigger sepsis among older people are respiratory, such as pneumonia, or genitourinary, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Untreated urinary tract infections may spread to the kidney, causing more pain and illness. It can also cause sepsis. The term urosepsis describes sepsis caused by a UTI. Sometimes incorrectly called blood poisoning, sepsis is the body’s often deadly response to infection or injury.
In elderly patients, the most common source of sepsis is respiratory tract followed by genitourinary infections . It is possible that the elderly are at increased risk of infection with multidrug-resistant organisms.
Signs and symptoms of urosepsis
When left untreated, UTIs in the elderly can cause serious problems, including permanent kidney damage and sepsis — a generalized and potentially life-threatening infection.
Warning as sepsis can kill in 12 hours. Sepsis is a bigger killer than heart attacks, lung cancer or breast cancer. Sepsis is a bigger killer than heart attacks, lung cancer or breast cancer. The blood infection is a fast killer too.
Urosepsis is a serious complication of a UTI and should be treated as a medical emergency. Sepsis is the body’s extreme reaction to infection. The body attacks its own organs and tissues which can lead to tissue damage, organ failure and death.
Urinary tract infection is the most common cause of sepsis in the elderly and responds best to antibiotic therapy. Pneumonia is the next most common cause and leads to the highest mortality in this age group; rapid (sometimes invasive) methods must be utilized to identify the etiologic agent.
Signs of sepsis are generally the same among all adults, regardless of age: Change in body temperature, either a fever (above 101.3 degrees F) or a lower than normal temperature (below 95 degrees F); Rapid heart rate (above 90 beats per minute); Rapid breathing (above 20 breaths per minute);
Sepsis can be caused by any type of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, or even parasitic. Sepsis prevention is only possible by preventing infections with good and consistent hygiene and avoiding people with infections. Other infections can be prevented through the use of vaccinations.
The red flag symptoms of sepsis are:
Bacterial infections cause most cases of sepsis. Sepsis can also be a result of other infections, including viral infections, such as COVID-19 or influenza.
The three stages of sepsis are: sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock. When your immune system goes into overdrive in response to an infection, sepsis may develop as a result.
These can include:
The main cause of UTIs, at any age, is usually bacteria. Escherichia coli is the primary cause, but other organisms can also cause a UTI. In older adults who use catheters or live in a nursing home or other full-time care facility, bacteria such as Enterococci and Staphylococci are more common causes.