In addition to age, there are a number of risk factors that often are associated with muscle cramping. These include medications, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, certain diseases, and exercise.
Treatment for Leg Cramps in Elderly Adults
Vitamin D deficiency can cause muscle aches, weakness, and bone pain in people of all ages. Muscle spasms (tetany) may be the first sign of rickets in infants. They are caused by a low calcium level in the blood in people with severe vitamin D deficiency.
You should see a doctor for muscle spasms if you encounter any of the following situations: Any muscle spasms that are occurring regularly. Muscle spasms that are not resolving on their own with rest, hydration, and proper nutrition. Any pain or injury that you have as a result of a muscle spasm, especially back spasms.
Vitamin B12. Cobalamin, or vitamin B12, is a vitamin that people can find in animal and dairy food. People who have a vitamin B12 deficiency can sometimes experience muscle cramps all over the body.
Muscle spasm occurs when a muscle involuntarily contracts, and then relaxes. This often occurs suddenly and can be painful. A muscle cramp is similar to a spasm, but cramp lasts longer than a spasm and is often a very forcible contraction.
Muscle pain, fatigue, and overuse are the most common causes of muscle spasms. Other causes include stress or anxiety, which can lead to muscle twitches in the face. Trapped nerves can result in spasms in the back.
Bananas: A Time-Tested Treatment You probably know that bananas are a good source of potassium. But they’ll also give you magnesium and calcium. That’s three out of four nutrients you need to ease muscle cramps tucked under that yellow peel. No wonder bananas are a popular, quick choice for cramp relief.
Dystonia. Dystonia is a neurological muscle disorder characterized by involuntary muscle spasms. Dystonia results from abnormal functioning of the basal ganglia, a deep part of the brain which helps control coordination of movement.
What causes muscle cramps?
High blood pressure and high cholesterol are the most common causes of these spasms. Approximately 2 percent of people with angina, or chest pain and pressure, experience coronary artery spasms.
Here are some things to try:
Signs of Vitamin B12 deficiencies include muscle twitching or spasms, as well as numbness and feeling weak.
In addition to pain, stiffness, and tenderness in the joints, osteoarthritis can also cause muscle spasms.
These include the following foods, supplements, and techniques: