Ageism, which is the common term for the stigma and discrimination related to aging, is everywhere. Older adults are given messages about when they are expected to retire, what they are expected to do, where they are expected to live (and with whom)– often regardless of their wishes, desires, or needs.
In societies today the elderly is seen as less valuable since their individualism, self-reliance, and independence would have been altered. Some elderly are perceived in a positive light from time to time because they are actively involved in the community, loyal, sociable, and warm.
According to the National Council on Aging, about 92 percent of seniors have at least one chronic disease and 77 percent have at least two. Heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes are among the most common and costly chronic health conditions causing two-thirds of deaths each year.
Several factors are responsible for ageing: age, sleep, dietary habits, nutrition, physical activity, general health condition, emotional well-being, physical impairment, cultural factors, life events, social support, family well-being, financial resources, cognitive functioning, and diseases.
Social Security provides the largest share of aggregate income for units aged 65 or older. Aggregate income for the aged population comes largely from four sources. Social Security accounts for 33.2%, earnings for 32.2%, pensions for 20.9%, and asset income for 9.7%.
Older persons play important social roles in assisting their children, taking on care responsibilities, performing household tasks or working as volunteers in the community. Their contributions in providing wisdom and advice to younger generations and the society as a whole should be acknowledged.
The four major old age problems include:
5 Biggest Considerations When Caring for an Elderly Parent
A few of the most common caregiver challenges include:
There are three main risk factors that contribute to vulnerability in older adults: health status; cognitive ability; and, social network.
Three major psychosocial theories of aging— activity theory, disengagement theory, and continuity theory —are summarized and evaluated.
The older adult population can be divided into three life-stage subgroups: the young-old (approximately 65–74), the middle-old (ages 75–84), and the old-old (over age 85). Today’s young-old age group is generally happier, healthier, and financially better off than the young-old of previous generations.