Age is a key risk factor, with hip fractures more likely to occur in those aged 65 or older. They’re primarily a result of a fall, or when the hip collides with a solid object such as a kitchen bench. However, they can also occur when there has been little or no trauma, such as standing up.
Hip fractures in the elderly are common. In fact, more than 300,000 adults 65 or older are hospitalized for hip fractures each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Older women are at higher risk, making up 80% of broken hips in elderly adults overall.
Encouragement and support from loved ones like yourself and the care team will be important in their recovery process. In most situations, it can take between nine months and one year to fully recover from this type of injury.
Treatment for a hip fracture usually involves some kind of surgery, medication and a period of rehabilitation. The Mayo Clinic points out that the most suitable surgery often depends on many factors. Available operations may include internal repair using screws, a total hip replacement or a partial hip replacement.
Falls account for nearly 75% of all geriatric trauma, and are the most common cause of fractures in older people. Most falls occur from standing height or less, resulting in fragility fractures in older adults who often have multiple comorbidities and functional impairments.
One in three adults aged 50 and over dies within 12 months of suffering a hip fracture. Older adults have a five-to-eight times higher risk of dying within the first three months of a hip fracture compared to those without a hip fracture. This increased risk of death remains for almost ten years.
Experts say total hip replacement is safe for 90-plus seniors in reasonably good health, and they deserve the same chance at pain relief and restored mobility as younger patients. Somebody over 90 would have the same reasons as others to consider hip replacement, says Dr.
It may be possible to be discharged after around 1 week, but most people need to stay in hospital for around 2 weeks.
The length of recovery from hip fractures among older patients can increase with age. In general, the older individuals are and the greater number of conditions they have, the longer it can take to recover. The recovery time for a hip replacement ranges from four weeks to up to six months.
A hip fracture is a serious injury, with complications that can be life-threatening. The risk of hip fracture rises with age. Risk increases because bones tend to weaken with age (osteoporosis).
Limited mobility: Most people with a hip fracture can’t stand or walk. Sometimes, it may be possible to walk, but it’s extremely painful to put weight on the leg. Physical changes: You may have a bruise on your hip. One of your legs may appear shorter than the other.
Elevated Death Risks According to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, broken bones have a long-lasting effect in older individuals. Specifically, this injury can increase death risk for up to 10 years after the incident and may be a catalyst for other adverse health events.
According to Cheng, “An 80 year old often can’t tolerate and recover from trauma like a 20 year old.” Cheng’s team found that approximately 4.5 percent of elderly patients (70 years and above) died following a ground-level fall, compared to 1.5 percent of non-elderly patients.
There are three broad categories of hip fractures based on the location of the fracture: femoral neck fractures, intertrochanteric fractures, and subtrochanteric fractures. The femoral neck is the most common location for a hip fracture, accounting for 45% to 53% of hip fractures.