Each year, millions of older people—those 65 and older—fall. In fact, more than one out of four older people falls each year, 1 but less than half tell their doctor. Falling once doubles your chances of falling again.
Risk factors for falls in the elderly include increasing age, medication use, cognitive impairment and sensory deficits.
The risk of falling increases with age for many reasons, including overall weakness and frailty, balance problems, cognitive problems, vision problems, medications, acute illness, and other environmental hazards.
Every second of every day, an older adult (age 65+) suffers a fall in the U.S.—making falls the leading cause of injury and injury death in this age group. One out of four older adults will fall each year in the United States, making falls a public health concern, particularly among the aging population.
Age. Age is one of the key risk factors for falls. Older people have the highest risk of death or serious injury arising from a fall and the risk increases with age.
Initiating events involve extrinsic factors such as environmental hazards; intrinsic factors such as unstable joints, muscle weakness, and unreliable postural reflexes; and physical activities in progress at the time of the fall.
home-based professionally prescribed exercise, to promote dynamic balance, muscle strengthening and walking. group programmes based on Tai Chi-type exercises or dynamic balance and strength training as well as floor coping strategies. home visits and home modifications for older people with a history of falling.
Common risk factors for falls limitations in mobility and undertaking the activities of daily living. impaired walking patterns (gait) impaired balance. visual impairment.
According to Cheng, “An 80 year old often can’t tolerate and recover from trauma like a 20 year old.” Cheng’s team found that approximately 4.5 percent of elderly patients (70 years and above) died following a ground-level fall, compared to 1.5 percent of non-elderly patients.
In a meta-analysis of studies of falling in those with PD, the best predictor of falling was experiencing two or more falls in the previous year. Fallers scored worse in the Balance and Gait subscales of the Tinetti functional test and were slower in the Timed Get-Up-And-Go test (discussed later).
Several factors contribute to senior falls. Why Do Elderly People Fall?
Falls are a common, but often overlooked, cause of injury. Around 1 in 3 adults over 65 and half of people over 80 will have at least one fall a year. Most falls do not result in serious injury.
Take the Right Steps to Prevent Falls
Patients who have had a single fall should undergo a gait and balance assessment. And those who have had multiple falls within a year should be evaluated more thoroughly to determine their fall risks and to attempt to mitigate those identified risks.
8 Things the Doctors Should Check After a Fall