Although the causes of dizziness in older people are multifactorial, peripheral vestibular dysfunction is one of the most frequent causes. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most frequent form of vestibular dysfunction in the elderly, followed by Meniere’s disease.
The most common cause of dizziness in the elderly is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). BPPV is caused when the calcium carbonate crystals in the otolithic organs of the inner ear are dislodged from the gelatinous membrane that normally holds them in place.
As you age, you’re naturally at a higher risk for some conditions, including dizziness. This is because dizziness is a symptom of other health conditions common with old age. Changes in blood pressure. As you age, your heart isn’t as effective at pumping blood through your body.
Steps people can take to relieve dizziness include:
Generally, see your doctor if you experience any recurrent, sudden, severe, or prolonged and unexplained dizziness or vertigo. Get emergency medical care if you experience new, severe dizziness or vertigo along with any of the following: Sudden, severe headache. Chest pain.
While different people experience dementia symptoms in different ways, one of the more common signs of Lewy Body Dementia (often referred to as the second most common type of dementia), is dizziness and fainting. This is since Lewy Body Dementia attacks the part of the brain that controls the autonomic nervous system.
If you feel dizzy, sit or lie down at once. This will lower your chance of falling down. If you have vertigo, it may help to lie down in a dark, quiet place with your eyes closed. Drinking water may also give you fast relief, especially if you’re dizzy because you’re dehydrated.
Dehydration. You may become dehydrated if you’re overheated, if you aren’t eating or drinking enough, or if you’re sick. Without enough fluids, the volume of your blood goes down, lowering your blood pressure and keeping your brain from getting enough blood, causing lightheadedness.
How you can treat dizziness yourself
Balance problems in seniors often occur with age, even for those with good health. Balance loss happens for various reasons, such as stiff or damaged joints or something more serious such as a neurological condition. However, inner ear problems are the most common culprit.
Dizziness: While dizziness can be a side effect of some blood pressure medications, it is not caused by high blood pressure. However, dizziness should not be ignored, especially if the onset is sudden. Sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination and trouble walking are all warning signs of a stroke.
Vertigo in Seniors BPPV is caused when the tiny crystals in your inner ear are dislodged from their usual position. This can result in a brief but very intense sensation of vertigo – dizziness that feels like you or your surroundings are spinning – when you move your head or body.
Low blood sugar levels may cause dizziness and loss of balance. Eat slow release, low GI foods such as nuts, dried fruit, wholegrain bread, wholegrain porridge oats, celery and peanut butter. Lean Protein can help to stabilise blood sugars, eat more: skinless chicken, fish, quinoa and barley.
Low Vitamin B12 Levels Can Cause Dizziness “Vitamin B12 deficiency is easy to detect and treat, but is an often overlooked cause of dizziness,” he notes. Ask your doctor about having a simple blood test to check your B12 levels if you’re having dizzy spells.
Walking is a simple but powerful exercise for vertigo that can help your balance. Walking with greater balance will allow you to function better on your own, which in turn may lead to improved self-confidence.