When to see a doctor Since TIAs most often occur hours or days before a stroke, seeking medical attention emergently following a possible TIA is essential. Seek immediate medical attention if you suspect you’ve had a transient ischemic attack.
If you think you are having a TIA, call 911 or other emergency services right away. Early treatment can help prevent a stroke. If you think you have had a TIA but your symptoms have gone away, you still need to call your doctor right away.
Symptoms may include:
If you think you or someone you are with is having a TIA or stroke, call 911 or your local emergency number right away. If it’s a stroke, getting to the hospital as soon as possible to be evaluated and potentially receiving a clot-busting drug can greatly reduce the damage caused by a stroke.
The most frequently used anti-platelet medication is aspirin. Aspirin is also the least expensive treatment with the fewest potential side effects. An alternative to aspirin is the anti-platelet drug clopidogrel (Plavix).
If a stroke is untreated for the full 10 hours, the brain ages up to 36 years! With every minute you wait, the brain loses two million brain cells. When it comes to stroke treatment, every single second counts. Unfortunately, many stroke patients are unable to seek help for themselves due to the nature of the attack.
Patients who experience a TIA should be seen by medical providers immediately. Evaluation includes examination by a doctor and diagnostic testing. The doctor will do some simple quick checks to test your vision, muscle strength, and ability to think and speak.
The underlying cause of a TIA often is a buildup of cholesterol-containing fatty deposits called plaques (atherosclerosis) in an artery or one of its branches that supplies oxygen and nutrients to your brain. Plaques can decrease the blood flow through an artery or lead to the development of a clot.
Time of Day Both STEMI and stroke are most likely to occur in the early hours of the morning—specifically around 6:30am.
If you have other medical conditions, those may worsen if you are dehydrated. Some studies have also shown a connection between dehydration and the body’s ability to recover from transient ischemic attack (TIA or mini-stroke).
Transient Ischemic Attack or Mini-Stroke
During the first few days after your stroke, you might be very tired and need to recover from the initial event. Meanwhile, your team will identify the type of stroke, where it occurred, the type and amount of damage, and the effects. They may perform more tests and blood work.
Share books, magazines, or articles with your loved one, with inspirational stories from other stroke survivors. Share what you learn in your support group. Then, encourage your loved one to express his or her own emotions. It will be a healthy release and will show that you’re there to listen.
If blood flow is only interrupted for short time, it’s known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA), or “ministroke.” TIA symptoms lasts less than 24 hours before disappearing. Both ischemic stroke and TIA are associated with vascular dementia. Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia.
Blocked Blood Vessels When older adults don’t follow healthy diets, fail to exercise, and are unable to manage stress, the main arteries from their hearts can thicken and become less flexible. As a result, their hearts need to work harder, and the risk of mini-strokes increases.
A TIA is usually caused by low blood flow at a narrow part of a major artery that carries blood to the brain, like the carotid artery. It could also be caused by a blood clot that travels to the brain and blocks a blood vessel there. A third common cause is the narrowing of smaller blood vessels in the brain.