Many factors in elder abuse arise through individual, relationship, community and societal influences. Elder abuse can be attributed to both the victim’s and the abuser’s social and biomedical characteristics, the nature of their relationship, and power dynamics, within their shared environment of family and friends.
Elder abuse can be defined as ‘ a single, or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person’.
Quick Facts About Elder Abuse According to the National Council on Aging (NCOA), elders are more likely to self-report financial exploitation than emotional, physical, and sexual abuse or neglect. According to the NCEA, neglect is the most common type of elder abuse.
Signs and symptoms of elder abuse can include:
What Is Emotional Elder Abuse? Emotional elder abuse takes place when an older person suffers harm through insults, yelling, or verbal harassment. It is also referred to as elder psychological abuse. Emotional abuse may be one of the most common forms of elder mistreatment.
Neglect is the most common form of child abuse which affects about 60% of child abuse victims. 1 Neglect is defined as a parent or guardian fails to provide for their child’s basic needs. Forms of neglect include medical, educational, physical, and emotional neglect.
Who are the abusers of older adults? Abusers are both women and men. In almost 60% of elder abuse and neglect incidents, the perpetrator is a family member. Two thirds of perpetrators are adult children or spouses.
Adults with care and support needs, (for example, a disability, health condition, mental illness or learning disability) can be at increased risk of abuse and neglect, and less able to protect themselves from harm.
Examples of Emotional Abuse Making an individual fear that they will not receive the food or care they need. Lying. Failing to check allegations of abuse against them. Making derogative or slanderous statements about an individual to others.
What is Elder Abuse? Elder abuse is an intentional act or failure to act that causes or creates a risk of harm to an older adult. An older adult is someone age 60 or older. The abuse occurs at the hands of a caregiver or a person the elder trusts.
Financial exploitation. They may have an emerging, unrecognized cognitive impairment; worry about a future loss of independence; and be overly trusting of a caregiver capable of theft, fraud and misuse of assets.
Some Indicators of Psychological Abuse:
Possible indicators of discriminatory abuse
Any statement made to an elderly person that is meant to cause pain, fear or detriment is considered verbal mistreatment. This includes the following. Insults, name calling or profanities. Yelling and screaming. Mocking and criticizing.