As people age, they experience neurodegeneration in the retina and in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Less light reaches the back of the eyes because the pupils decrease in size as you age, the lens inside your eye becomes thicker, and the lens scatters more light, causing objects and colors to appear less vivid.
Light sensitivity can increase as eyes age. This does become an even larger issue in patients that experiences AMD. Please also note, if you feel light sensitivity, it may be due to an infection or trauma. It is important to see an eye doctor if these issues seem abnormal.
By age 65, one in three Americans have some form of vision-impairing eye condition. There are four major age-related eye diseases (AREDs) that affect seniors: glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy.
The most common causes of vision loss among the elderly are age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataract and diabetic retinopathy. Age-related macular degeneration is characterized by the loss of central vision. Primary open-angle glaucoma results in optic nerve damage and visual field loss.
As you age, the lens inside your eye begins to harden, which makes it more difficult for your eyes to focus. Changes related to aging can also cause your eyes to become drier, particularly if you are a woman who has gone through menopause. Dry eyes burn and itch.
Home Remedies for Photophobia and Light Sensitivity
How to treat photophobia
Increased Sensitivity to Light and Glare When adults reach their 60s, their resting pupil size shrinks, causing them to receive only one-third as much light as normal. This means it’s harder for them to see in dim lighting, and their eyes become more sensitive to glare.
People that have cardiovascular disease may be at a higher risk of developing certain types of eye problems. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, research indicates that people who have heart disease have a higher chance of developing vision loss due to age-related macular degeneration.
Common age-related eye problems include presbyopia, glaucoma, dry eyes, age-related macular degeneration, cataracts and temporal arteritis.
Here’s the good news: Nearly all age-related vision changes can be treated with medicine or outpatient surgery, says Dr. Mitul Mehta, an ophthalmologist with the UCI Health Gavin Herbert Eye Institute.
Tips and Products for Helping a Senior with Low Vision
Beginning in the early to mid-40s, many adults may start to have problems seeing clearly at close distances, especially when reading and working on the computer. This is among the most common problems adults develop between ages 41 to 60.
Farsightedness, or hyperopia, affects 5% to 10% of Americans. People who are farsighted can see objects that are far away but have trouble focusing on close things. You may have blurry vision, get headaches or squint a lot.
As you age, the lens in your eye gets denser. The amount of light that gets through to the back of your eye is smaller.