In 2016, around 116 thousand people aged 55 and over were long-term residents of a nursing or residential care home. They represent 2 percent of the population aged 55 and over. Thirty percent of these residents are 90 years or over, and three-quarters are female.
Only 4.5 percent (about 1.5 million) of older adults live in nursing homes and 2 percent (1 million) in assisted living facilities. The majority of older adults (93.5 percent, or 33.4 million) live in the community.
A relatively small number of people (1.2 million) age 65 and older lived in nursing homes in 2018. However, the percentage increases dramatically with age, ranging from 1% for persons ages 65-74 to 2% for persons ages 75-84 and 7% for persons over age 85.
Australia provides institutional long term care for almost 20% of the population aged ≥ 80 years, and 6% of those aged ≥ 65 years. This places Australia as the nation with the highest proportion of older people living in institutional care compared with 11 other nations (Box).
What percentage of people 65 and older live in a nursing at any given time? Relatively few older adults (age 65 and up) live in a nursing home only 5%.
5% of older adults (aged 65+) live in a nursing home. Of these, about 50%of nursing home residents are 85 years old or older, 35% are between the ages of 75 and 84, and 15% are between 65 and 74 years of age. Most nursing home residents are admitted with more than one condition, most with three or more conditions.
In 2016, 5.3 million ( 11 percent of) adults age 65 and over lived in another person’s house- hold—3.4 million in the homes of their children and 1.1 million in the homes of their parents, siblings, or other relatives.
Since 1900, the percentage of Americans age 65 and older nearly quadrupled (from 4.1% in 1900 to 16% in 2019), and the number increased more than 17 times (from 3.1 million to 54.1 million).
Because of increases in life expectancy at older ages, people 90 and older now comprise 4.7 percent of the older population (age 65 and older), as compared with only 2.8 percent in 1980. By 2050, this share is likely to reach 10 percent.
The Australian population is ageing, with older Australians a growing proportion of the total population. In 2017, 15% of Australians (3.8 million) were aged 65 and over; this proportion is projected to grow steadily over the coming decades.
At 30 June 2020, a total of 335,889 people were using residential aged care (permanent or respite, 189,954), home care (142,436) or transition care (3,499) in Australia.
In the US, about 28% (14.7 million) of community-dwelling older adults live alone, which is 21% of older men and 34% of older women. The percentage of people living alone increases with age (ie, among women ≥ 75 years, about 44% live alone).
Answer: Only 3.3% of people 65 and over live in nursing homes.
Findings from this report: Over half (53%) of people assessed on ACFI during the year had dementia.
58%: Estimated percentage of women 65 and older who will need long-term care during their lifetimes. 33%: Percentage of people turning 65 who will need nursing-home care at some point in their lifetimes.