Prostate cancer in the elderly
Prostate cancer is the most frequent malignancy in men and predominantly in elderly men. The issue of prostate cancer is likely to assume greater importance with progressive aging of the population. With frequent use of PSA testing most patients were diagnosed with localized cancer even in senior adults.Author:
Hans Heinzer, Thomas SteuberCited by:
Almost 100% of men who have local or regional prostate cancer will survive more than five years after diagnosis. Fewer men (about 7 %) have more advanced prostate cancer at the time of diagnosis.
The most common areas for prostate cancer to spread are your bladder, rectum, and bones. The Top 7 Signs of Advanced Prostate Cancer Bladder and urinary troubles. Losing bowel control. Soreness in the groin. Leg swelling or weakness. Hip or back pain. Coughing or feeling out of breath.
Prostate Cancer Stages T2a: The tumor has invaded one-half (or less) of one side of the prostate . T2b: The tumor has spread to more than one-half of one side of the prostate , but not to both sides. T2c: The cancer has invaded both sides of the prostate .
Deaths from prostate cancer . Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in American men, behind only lung cancer . About 1 man in 41 will die of prostate cancer . Prostate cancer can be a serious disease, but most men diagnosed with prostate cancer do not die from it.
10 – year relative survival rate of 98 percent: Ten years after diagnosis, the average prostate cancer patient is just 2 percent less likely to survive than a man without prostate cancer .
Stage 4 Metastatic Prostate Cancer Doesn’t Have to Be a Death Sentence .
About two-thirds of men who receive a diagnosis of stage 4 prostate cancer will die within five years . However, these men already are of advanced age, Dr. Brawley said.
Most cancer cells that break free from the prostate die. But sometimes they spread to other organs and start new tumors. Advanced prostate cancer often moves into the lymph nodes or bones before spreading to other organs. Less commonly it spreads to the lungs, liver, or brain.
Prostate Cancer Metastases Nearby lymph nodes are often the first destination for a spreading cancer . If prostate cancer has spread to your lymph nodes when it is diagnosed, it means that there is higher chance that it has spread to other areas of the body as well.
Studies have shown that between 86% and 98% of men with LPC do not die from their cancer in all age groups, the researchers wrote. In fact, more than 95% of patients with LPC live at least 10 years after their diagnosis, whereas only 25% of patients in this study expected to live more than 10 years .
If left untreated , diagnosed prostate cancer can grow and possibly spread outside of the prostate to local tissues or distantly to other sites in the body. The first sites of spread are typically to the nearby tissues.
Cruciferous vegetables These include broccoli , cauliflower , cabbage , Brussels sprouts , bok choy , spinach and kale . Some studies suggest that cruciferous vegetables may help slow down the growth of prostate cancer and reduce the risk of advanced prostate cancer.
Many people worry about being in pain when they are dying . Some people do get pain if their prostate cancer presses on their nerves or makes their bones weak. But not everyone dying from prostate cancer has pain . And if you are in pain , there are things that can help to reduce and manage pain .
After 20 years , only 3 of 217 patients survived. Men with moderate-grade disease have intermediate cumulative risk of prostate cancer progression after 20 years of follow-up. These results are in line with earlier findings on the outcomes of prostate cancer patients depending on Gleason scores.
Ductal prostate cancer is usually more aggressive than common prostate cancer . Possible treatment options include surgery, hormone therapy, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, depending on whether your cancer has grown and spread to other parts of your body.