Pneumonia in the elderly happens fast and the prognosis is poor, and elderly are susceptible to severe Pneumonia . The mortality rate for severe pneumonia is as high as 20% . The principal cause of the death is respiratory insufficiency .
The death rate among elderly adults with severe pneumonia is as high as 20%. Researchers and doctors don’t fully understand why pneumonia is more aggressive in seniors. They believe it has to do with the normal aging process, which weakens the immune system and decreases lung function.
Most people do eventually recover from pneumonia. However, the 30-day mortality rate is 5 to 10 percent of hospitalized patients. It can be up to 30 percent in those admitted to intensive care.
Seniors are more likely to be hospitalized for pneumonia because they are more often at risk of having underlying pathologies such as diabetes, heart or respiratory failure of even kidney disease, considered to be factors of co-morbidity.
When you are caring for a senior with pneumonia , you can expect a recovery time as long as six to eight weeks. This increased recovery time is due to the weakened state of the elderly with the illness and their body’s inability to fight off the bacteria that pneumonia produces in their lungs.
As people age, their immune systems work less well, leaving them less able to fend off infections. Heart disease, diabetes and other serious illnesses that are common in seniors increase risk of pneumonia . Seniors are more susceptible to the flu and other lung-related conditions, which sometimes develop into pneumonia .
The most common physical symptoms in the final stages are: feeling more severely out of breath . reducing lung function making breathing harder. having frequent flare-ups. finding it difficult to maintain a healthy body weight. feeling more anxious and depressed.
Recovering from pneumonia
|1 week||your fever should be gone|
|4 weeks||your chest will feel better and you’ll produce less mucus|
|6 weeks||you’ll cough less and find it easier to breathe|
|3 months||most of your symptoms should be gone, though you may still feel tired|
|6 months||you should feel back to normal|
It’s fairly common for seniors to suffer from fluid in the lungs , but getting a good prognosis depends on understanding the underlying cause. Most cases are the result of heart problems, which is why acute pulmonary edema has a one-year mortality rate of about 40% for elderly patients.
This long-term investigation found that most patients showed a decreased lifespan after surviving pneumonia . In this interview, lead author Dr. Maurice Mufson discusses the link between pneumonia and shortened lifespan , and why immunization against invasive pneumococcal disease is so important for older adults.
In a 20-year US study, the average overall mortality rate in pneumococcal pneumonia with bacteremia was 20.3%. Patients older than 80 years of age had the highest mortality rate , which was 37.7%.
Unfortunately, about 50,000 people die from the disease each year in the United States. Most of the people affected by pneumonia in the United States are adults. Vaccines and appropriate treatment (like antibiotics and antivirals) could prevent many of these deaths—globally and in the United States.
Most people with pneumonia will have a fever. However, it is not unusual for people over 65 and a weak immune system to have a cooler body temperature instead of a fever. Chest pain . The infection in the lungs can cause pain when breathing or coughing.
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be fatal. It causes the air sacs in the lungs to become inflamed and to fill with pus and fluid. Different types of pneumonia affect its seriousness. Pneumonia can be mild, and people with good health can recover within 1 to 3 weeks.
Confusion and/or delirium are red-flag signs of pneumonia in elderly people as well as lower-than-normal body temperatures. Other signs, which can sometimes be confused with a cold and the flu, include: Chest pain during breathing or coughing. Feeling tired or weak.