Diseases that cause cognitive declines such as Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s, and dementia can also cause a patient to have panic attacks , disorientation, agitation, and distress. The combination of medication-related side effects can cause disruptions in metabolism and heartbeat, bringing on a panic attack .
The profound forgetfulness and confusion of dementia can trigger panic attacks . Reminders and reassuring words can help in these situations.
According to a review in the March 2007 Psychology and Aging , researchers who evaluated 17 studies of evidence-based treatment found that relaxation training, CBT, supportive therapy and cognitive therapy were all effective in treating anxiety in elderly patients.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is the most common anxiety disorder among older adults, though anxiety disorders in this population are frequently associated with traumatic events such as a fall or acute illness .
Try this: breathe in as slowly, deeply and gently as you can, through your nose. breathe out slowly, deeply and gently through your mouth. some people find it helpful to count steadily from one to five on each in-breath and each out-breath. close your eyes and focus on your breathing.
Choice of antidepressant The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the newer antidepressants buproprion , mirtazapine, moclobemide, and venlafaxine (a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor or SNRI) are all relatively safe in the elderly.
A person with dementia and depression may feel desperate and yet be unable to express sadness in words. Delusional fears, agitation or withdrawal , or aggressive or suicidal behavior may be the most noticeable signs of depression in that person.
Depression, anxiety and agitation, and sleep-related problems also plague people with Alzheimer’s disease. Left untreated —as they too often are—these symptoms can have a significant effect on quality of life and even on the course of the disease itself.
The move can create symptoms of physical and emotional stress that can be mistaken for dementia (that is, they become withdrawn, angry, restless, struggle to communicate with others and suffer memory problems).
Meds you may get include: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like: Citalopram ( Celexa ) Escitalopram ( Lexapro ) Those founds to trigger the fewest problems in this area include: Bupropion (Wellbutrin) Mirtazapine (Remeron) Vilazodine (Viibryd) Vortioxetine (Trintellix)
When practiced regularly relaxation techniques such as mindfulness meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, and deep breathing can reduce anxiety symptoms and increase feelings of relaxation and emotional well-being. Exercise regularly. Exercise is a natural stress buster and anxiety reliever.
Anxiety disorders are associated with lower compliance with medical treatment, which could worsen chronic medical conditions and increase the risk for nursing home admission. Anxious older adults report decreased life satisfaction, memory impairment, poorer self perception of health, and increased loneliness.