Often asked: What Factors Make The Elderly Population Vulnerable To The Flu?

Often asked: What Factors Make The Elderly Population Vulnerable To The Flu?

Following is a list of all the health and age factors that are known to increase a person’s risk of getting serious complications from flu:

  • Adults 65 years and older.
  • Children younger than 2 years old.
  • Asthma.
  • Neurologic and neurodevelopment conditions.
  • Blood disorders (such as sickle cell disease)

Why are the elderly more susceptible to the flu?

According to new research, the elderly are more susceptible to influenza because their immune systems have trouble recognizing new viral strains. The findings, published in the journal Cell Host & Microbe, may help researchers design more effective flu vaccines for the elderly.

Who is most vulnerable to the flu?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the following people are at high risk for developing influenza-related complications:

  • Adults 65 years and older.
  • Children younger than 2 years old.
  • Asthma.
  • Neurologic and neurodevelopment ​conditions.
  • Blood disorders (such as sickle cell disease)

What factors make the elderly susceptible to infections?

11 Risk Factors for Infections Among the Elderly

  • Diminished immune response.
  • Advanced age.
  • Malnutrition.
  • The presence of multiple chronic diseases, a status that is often accompanied by many different medications.
  • Cognitive deficits that may complicate compliance with basic sanitary practices, such as hand washing.

What age group is most affected by the flu?

The same CID study found that children are most likely to get sick from flu and that people 65 and older are least likely to get sick from influenza. Median incidence values (or attack rate) by age group were 9.3% for children 0-17 years, 8.8% for adults 18-64 years, and 3.9% for adults 65 years and older.

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What causes high temperature in elderly?

Fevers without a known cause are relatively common among younger adults. But among seniors, fevers are more likely to indicate a serious viral or bacterial infection. They can also be the result of heat stress, sepsis, malignant growths, medication side-effects, or a symptom of common chronic conditions like arthritis.

What are the risk factors of flu?

Flu Risk Factors

  • chronic lung diseases such as asthma, COPD, bronchiectasis, or cystic fibrosis.
  • heart disease.
  • chronic kidney disease.
  • diabetes or other chronic metabolic disorder.
  • morbid obesity.
  • severe anemia (including sickle cell anemia)
  • diseases (HIV, AIDS) or treatments (steroids, chemotherapy) that suppress immunity.

What are 3 At risk groups for the flu?

Persons considered to be at increased risk of complications from influenza include young children, pregnant women and postpartum women up to 2 weeks after delivery, older adults, people with certain chronic medical problems, people who live in nursing homes, and certain racial and ethnic minority groups.

What must be done to reduce the risk of the flu?

Healthy Habits to Help Protect Against Flu

  • Avoid close contact. Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your mouth and nose.
  • Clean your hands.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Practice other good health habits.

What are the 4 factors that make a person more susceptible to infection?

Life style risk factors such as aging, poor nutrition, infection and exposure to toxicants can also increase susceptibility to illnesses. These life style factors can therefore be considered to cause acquired susceptibility for increased risk for environmental disease.

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What factor increases the risk of respiratory infection for older adults?

Many factors, such as malnutrition and the presence of structural lung disease, increase the risk of respiratory infection in older individuals. Aging is also accompanied by a gradual decline in many aspects of immune function, and waning immunity is thought to be an important risk factor for pneumonia in the elderly.

Which of the following increases the risk of infection in older adults?

In the elderly individual, the increased incidence of infection and mortality for many infectious diseases (Figure 124-1) is likely a direct result of the comorbid conditions (e.g., diabetes, renal failure, chronic pulmonary disease, edema, immobility) that accompany advanced age.

What is the name of the disease that is caused by the flu?

Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. Influenza is commonly called the flu, but it’s not the same as stomach “flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting.

What are common symptoms of the flu and what are complications that arise from the disease?

Flu Symptoms

  • fever* or feeling feverish/chills.
  • cough.
  • sore throat.
  • runny or stuffy nose.
  • muscle or body aches.
  • headaches.
  • fatigue (tiredness)
  • some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.

What groups are at higher risk of contracting Covid 19?

People of any age, even children, can catch COVID-19. But it most commonly affects middle-aged and older adults. The risk of developing dangerous symptoms increases with age, with those who are age 85 and older at the highest risk of serious symptoms.

Alice Sparrow

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