Overuse of a muscle, dehydration, muscle strain or simply holding a position for a prolonged period can cause a muscle cramp. In many cases, however, the cause isn’t known. Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as: Inadequate blood supply.
Prevention for Leg Cramps in the Elderly Sleep with loose, untucked sheets and comforters to keep your feet pointed upward. Drink plenty of fluids. Stretch your legs (especially your calves and hamstrings) before bed. Wear supportive footwear during the day, especially if you have flat feet.
Treating muscle cramps Massaging or gently stretching the muscle will help it relax. Heat is soothing to tense muscles. Apply a heating pad or warm wet washcloth to help loosen up the muscle. To avoid leg cramps in the future, drink plenty of fluids before and during exercise.
“Cramps often result from vigorous exercise, trauma to the muscle, or keeping the leg in an awkward position for too long, such as sitting in a crowded theater. Other causes can include medications such as birth control, diuretics (which are often prescribed for people with high blood pressure) and steroids.
Vitamin B12. Cobalamin, or vitamin B12, is a vitamin that people can find in animal and dairy food. People who have a vitamin B12 deficiency can sometimes experience muscle cramps all over the body.
Bananas: A Time-Tested Treatment You probably know that bananas are a good source of potassium. But they’ll also give you magnesium and calcium. That’s three out of four nutrients you need to ease muscle cramps tucked under that yellow peel. No wonder bananas are a popular, quick choice for cramp relief.
Having a magnesium deficiency can be a cause of muscle cramps. And it’s common for people to need more magnesium.
Afferent fibres influence the generation of motor discharges, and disturbance of sensory inputs may contribute to muscle cramps. Age-related loss of motor neurons, which is more pronounced in the legs than the arms, is common in later life and may contribute to a propensity to leg cramps in older people .
WHAT FOODS CAN CAUSE MUSCLE CRAMPS?
What causes muscle cramps?
Apply heat or cold. Use a warm towel or heating pad on tense or tight muscles. Taking a warm bath or directing the stream of a hot shower onto the cramped muscle also can help. Alternatively, massaging the cramped muscle with ice may relieve pain.
What medicines may help with leg cramps?
So naturally the assumption was that eating more salt would prevent the cramps. A biological explanation for this is that the lack of salt and accompanying dehydration causes the spaces between the cells of the muscles to contract, which then increases pressure on the nerve terminals, leading to pain.
Vinegar is seemingly able to outwit this reflex. Scientists suspect that the sour taste of the pickled cucumber water causes the receptors in the mouth to send a neural signal to the brain. The muscles are then controlled differently and as a result, cramps quickly disappear again or do not even occur.
Drink Water Dehydration often plays a part in muscle cramps, so drinking enough water throughout the day can help keep them at bay. Drinking fluids while you have a cramp helps the muscles contract and relax. When you keep hydrated, your muscle cells also stay hydrated and are less irritable or uncomfortable.
Intravenous saline can reverse heat cramping, and more salt in the diet and in sports drinks can help prevent heat cramping. For heat cramping, the solution is saline.