Although the causes of dizziness in older people are multifactorial, peripheral vestibular dysfunction is one of the most frequent causes. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most frequent form of vestibular dysfunction in the elderly, followed by Meniere’s disease.
The most common cause of dizziness in the elderly is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). BPPV is caused when the calcium carbonate crystals in the otolithic organs of the inner ear are dislodged from the gelatinous membrane that normally holds them in place.
Steps people can take to relieve dizziness include:
Get emergency medical care if you experience new, severe dizziness or vertigo along with any of the following:
If you feel dizzy, sit or lie down at once. This will lower your chance of falling down. If you have vertigo, it may help to lie down in a dark, quiet place with your eyes closed. Drinking water may also give you fast relief, especially if you’re dizzy because you’re dehydrated.
Dizziness: While dizziness can be a side effect of some blood pressure medications, it is not caused by high blood pressure. However, dizziness should not be ignored, especially if the onset is sudden. Sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination and trouble walking are all warning signs of a stroke.
When you’re severely dehydrated, your blood pressure can drop, your brain may not get enough oxygen, and you’ll feel dizzy. Other symptoms of dehydration include thirstiness, tiredness, and dark urine. To help with dehydration, drink plenty of water or diluted fruit juice, and limit coffee, tea, and soda.
As you age, you’re naturally at a higher risk for some conditions, including dizziness. This is because dizziness is a symptom of other health conditions common with old age. Changes in blood pressure. As you age, your heart isn’t as effective at pumping blood through your body.
Treat Symptoms The person should sit down or lie still. If the person gets light-headed when standing up, the person should stand up slowly. Avoid sudden changes in position. If the person is thirsty, have them drink fluids.
Low Vitamin B12 Levels Can Cause Dizziness “Vitamin B12 deficiency is easy to detect and treat, but is an often overlooked cause of dizziness,” he notes. Ask your doctor about having a simple blood test to check your B12 levels if you’re having dizzy spells.
Low blood sugar levels may cause dizziness and loss of balance. Eat slow release, low GI foods such as nuts, dried fruit, wholegrain bread, wholegrain porridge oats, celery and peanut butter. Lean Protein can help to stabilise blood sugars, eat more: skinless chicken, fish, quinoa and barley.
Walking is a simple but powerful exercise for vertigo that can help your balance. Walking with greater balance will allow you to function better on your own, which in turn may lead to improved self-confidence.
Conditions such as cardiomyopathy, heart attack, heart arrhythmia and transient ischemic attack could cause dizziness. And a decrease in blood volume may cause inadequate blood flow to your brain or inner ear.
Inner ear disorders are frequently the cause of feeling dizzy. The most common causes include benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Meniere’s syndrome and ear infections. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) makes you dizzy when you change your head or body position (like bending over).
You might say you’re dizzy if the room feels like it is spinning or you have trouble keeping your balance. You might say you’re lightheaded when you feel faint or like you’re about to pass out. Or you might use the words interchangeably.