The most common mental and neurological disorders in this age group are dementia and depression , which affect approximately 5% and 7% of the world’s older population, respectively.
According to the World Health Organization and the Geriatric Mental Health Foundation, other potential triggers for mental illness in the elderly include: Alcohol or substance abuse. Dementia- causing illness (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease ) Illness or loss of a loved one.
According to the World Health Organization, the most common mental and neurological disorders among people aged 60 and older are dementia and depression , which affect approximately 5 and 7 percent of the world’s older population, respectively. Anxiety disorders affect approximately 3.8 percent of seniors worldwide.
Personality disorders that are susceptible to worsening with age include paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, obsessive compulsive, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic, avoidant, and dependent, said Dr. Rosowsky, a geropsychologist in Needham, Mass.
Symptoms Feeling sad or down. Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate. Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt. Extreme mood changes of highs and lows. Withdrawal from friends and activities. Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping.
Persecutory delusion This is the most common form of delusional disorder. In this form, the affected person fears they are being stalked, spied upon, obstructed, poisoned, conspired against or harassed by other individuals or an organization.
The five main warning signs of mental illness are as follows: Excessive paranoia, worry, or anxiety . Long-lasting sadness or irritability . Extreme changes in moods. Social withdrawal . Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping pattern.
Chronic pain, stress, and loneliness can lead to crankiness in elderly populations especially during times of transition, but seniors who are inexplicably cruel or aggressive may be suffering from deeper issues like physical pain, depression, or dementia that needs to be evaluated by a doctor.
Common fears about aging can lead to anxiety . Many older adults are afraid of falling, being unable to afford living expenses and medication, being victimized, being dependent on others, being left alone, and death. Older adults and their families should be aware that health changes can also bring on anxiety .
Your loved one’s mood changes could be caused by them reacting out of pain or exasperation to a medical condition that you may not even be able to see. In other cases, severe mood swings in seniors could be due to personal frustration with their changing bodies and lifestyles.
How to Communicate With Difficult Seniors and Older Adults Exercise Patience and Compassion. It goes without saying that patience and compassion are often needed when dealing with the elderly . Ask Instead of Order. Ask Instead of Assume. Use “I” instead of “You” Language. Offer Choices Whenever Possible. Set Consequences.
How to Take Care of Elderly Parents with Mental Illness Have a Conversation. Schedule a Doctor’s Visit. Ensure Effective Communication. Gather As Much Information about the Illness as Possible. Ensure They Take Their Medications as Prescribed. Complete the Necessary Paperwork. Give Them Some Level of Control. Find Much Needed Support .
The flamboyant cluster includes people with histrionic, antisocial, borderline , and narcissistic personalities. Except for the borderlines — considered the most difficult personality disorder to treat — these patients enjoyed significantly better lives over time.
Fifty percent of mental illness begins by age 14 , and three-quarters begins by age 24 .
According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are four major categories of bipolar disorder: bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymic disorder, and bipolar disorder due to another medical or substance abuse disorder.