In the U.S., pneumonia in the elderly is usually caused by bacteria or a virus. Pneumococcal pneumonia is the most common type of bacterial pneumonia, affecting more than 900,000 Americans each year, according to the ALA. This type of pneumonia is caused by a germ called Streptococcus pneumoniae.
While an individual that develops pneumonia typically needs seven to 10 days to recover, the time for a senior with pneumonia may be much longer if at all. There is a high rate of mortality with pneumonia in the elderly. As much as 30 percent of individuals that are treated in a hospital for pneumonia die from it.
Lung infections like pneumonia are usually mild, but they can be serious , especially for people with weakened immune systems or chronic conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Read on to learn the most common symptoms of a lung infection and what treatment you can expect if you have one.
Symptoms Chest pain when you breathe or cough . Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older) Cough , which may produce phlegm. Fatigue . Fever, sweating and shaking chills. Lower than normal body temperature (in adults older than age 65 and people with weak immune systems) Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
It’s fairly common for seniors to suffer from fluid in the lungs , but getting a good prognosis depends on understanding the underlying cause. Most cases are the result of heart problems, which is why acute pulmonary edema has a one-year mortality rate of about 40% for elderly patients.
People with a lung infection typically experience a sharp, aching pain on one side of their chest that worsens when they breathe in deeply. This is called pleuritic chest pain . It can also feel like a tightness or pressure inside of your chest wall.
Pneumonia in the elderly happens fast and the prognosis is poor, and elderly are susceptible to severe Pneumonia . The mortality rate for severe pneumonia is as high as 20% . The principal cause of the death is respiratory insufficiency .
Recently, the effectiveness of rehabilitative management including physical, pulmonary, and dysphagia rehabilitation for aspiration pneumonia was reported. Several studies showed that early rehabilitation was associated with reduced mortality and early hospital discharge after aspiration pneumonia .
Risks of dying from pneumonia . Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be fatal. It causes the air sacs in the lungs to become inflamed and to fill with pus and fluid. Different types of pneumonia affect its seriousness.
Most chest infection symptoms typically go away within 7 to 10 days , although a cough can last up to three weeks . See your doctor if your symptoms haven’t improved or have gotten worse in this time.
The antibiotic chosen should provide coverage for Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis,30 with amoxicillin as the first choice or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra) for patients allergic to penicillin .
Ways to clear the lungs Steam therapy. Steam therapy, or steam inhalation, involves inhaling water vapor to open the airways and help the lungs drain mucus. Controlled coughing. Drain mucus from the lungs. Exercise. Green tea . Anti-inflammatory foods. Chest percussion.
The symptoms of pneumonia in older individuals can differ from those in other age groups. Older adults with pneumonia may be more likely to: feel weak or unsteady, which can increase the risk of falling. be without a fever or have a body temperature that’s lower than normal.
There are four stages of pneumonia , which are consolidation, red hepatization, grey hepatization and resolution.
Confusion and/or delirium are red-flag signs of pneumonia in elderly people as well as lower-than-normal body temperatures. Other signs, which can sometimes be confused with a cold and the flu, include: Chest pain during breathing or coughing. Feeling tired or weak.