In severe cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening. A blood pressure reading lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic) is generally considered low blood pressure .
In healthy people, low blood pressure without any symptoms is not usually a concern and does not need to be treated. But low blood pressure can be a sign of an underlying problem — especially in the elderly — where it may cause inadequate blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs.
Normal blood pressure in adults is less than 120/ 80 mmHg. Low blood pressure is a reading below 90/60 mmHg. Most forms of hypotension happen because your body can’t bring blood pressure back to normal or can’t do it fast enough, says the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
Treatment Use more salt. Experts usually recommend limiting salt in your diet because sodium can raise blood pressure , sometimes dramatically. Drink more water. Fluids increase blood volume and help prevent dehydration, both of which are important in treating hypotension . Wear compression stockings. Medications.
Low blood pressure that causes an inadequate flow of blood to the body’s organs can cause strokes, heart attacks , and kidney failure. The most severe form is shock. Common causes of low blood pressure include a reduced volume of blood , heart disease , and medications.
Low blood pressure is defined by a blood pressure reading of 90/60 mm Hg or lower, but a reading this low isn’t necessarily a cause for concern. It becomes a concern if you start to exhibit symptoms of dizziness , shortness of breath, or fainting ; if this happens, you should seek medical attention.
Elderly Blood Pressure Range for Men and Women
|Blood Pressure Category for Adults 65+||Systolic mm Hg||Diastolic mm Hg|
|Normal blood pressure||Lower than 120||Lower than 80|
|Elevated blood pressure||120 – 129||Lower than 80|
|High blood pressure stage 1||130 – 139||80 – 89|
|High blood pressure stage 2||140 or higher||90 or higher|
According to the guidelines, the new normal blood pressure for seniors (and everyone else) is less than 120/80. Blood pressure is generally considered too low if it dips below 90/60.
How to raise low blood pressure Drink plenty of water. Dehydration can sometimes lead to low blood pressure . Eat a balanced diet. Eat smaller meals. Limit or avoid alcohol. Eat more salt. Check your blood sugar. Get your thyroid checked. Wear compression stockings.
Heart problems : Among the heart conditions that can lead to low blood pressure are an abnormally low heart rate (bradycardia), problems with heart valves, heart attack and heart failure . Your heart may not be able to circulate enough blood to meet your body’s needs.
As a general guide, the ideal blood pressure for a young, healthy adult is between 90/ 60 and 120/ 80 . If you have a reading of 140/90, or more, you have high blood pressure ( hypertension ).
The researchers concluded that, for adults aged 80 years or older, intensively controlling systolic blood pressure to less than 120 mmHg lowers the risk of heart attacks, stroke, death, and mild cognitive impairment, but increases the risk of declines in kidney function.
Here’s What To Eat To Help Raise Low Blood Pressure : Drink Plenty of Fluids. When you ‘re dehydrated, your blood volume is reduced, which causes your blood pressure to decrease. Eat Salty Foods. Drink Caffeine. Boost Your B12 Intake. Fill Up On Folate. Cut Back On Carbs. Reduce Meal Size. Easy On The Alcohol.
Normal blood pressure for adults is generally in the range of 90 / 50 to 120/ 90 mm Hg . Hypotension is an abnormally low blood pressure , usually below 90 / 50 mm Hg. In severe or prolonged cases, it can be a serious medical condition.