A few population-based studies have reported 3-year survival rates of only 9-10% and 5-year survival of 3-8% in patients aged 60 years and older, compared with 5-year survival rates of up to 50% for younger patients.
Acute myeloid leukemia is also called acute myelocytic leukemia , acute myelogenous leukemia , acute granulocytic leukemia , acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, or sometimes just AML . It is most common in older people.
If you are an older adult diagnosed with leukemia , you have treatment options — even at age 99. Learn more from a doctor who specializes in treating leukemia in older adults .
Common leukemia signs and symptoms include: Fever or chills. Persistent fatigue, weakness. Frequent or severe infections. Losing weight without trying. Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen. Easy bleeding or bruising. Recurrent nosebleeds. Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)
Leukemia can develop due to a problem with blood cell production. It usually affects the leukocytes, or white blood cells. Leukemia is most likely to affect people over the age of 55 years, but it is also the most common cancer in those aged under 15 years.
Signs of approaching death Worsening weakness and exhaustion . A need to sleep much of the time, often spending most of the day in bed or resting. Weight loss and muscle thinning or loss. Minimal or no appetite and difficulty eating or swallowing fluids. Decreased ability to talk and concentrate.
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease of the elderly , with the majority of patients diagnosed in their 6th and 7th decade of life. Older patients with AML are less likely to achieve complete remission after induction chemotherapy, and they suffer from higher rates of leukemia relapse compared to younger cohorts.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia ( CLL ) is a disease of elderly patients being diagnosed at a median age of 72 years. This translates into an increased incidence of new diagnoses above the age of 65 years up to a rate of 22–30/100,000 per year.
Latest figures show that the 5-year survival rate for all subtypes of leukemia is 61.4 percent. A 5-year survival rate looks at how many people are still alive 5 years after their diagnosis. Leukemia is most common in people aged over 55, with the median age of diagnosis being 66.
Studies show that for leukemia patients , infections were the most common cause of death, most often bacterial infections but also fungal infections or a combination of the two. Bleeding was also a fairly common cause of death, often in the brain, lungs or digestive tract.
If the leukemia cannot be cured or controlled, the disease may be called advanced or terminal . This diagnosis is stressful, and for many people, advanced leukemia may be difficult to discuss because it is incurable .
Small red spots (petechiae) As well as medium-to-large bruises , you might notice “ rashes ” appearing on your skin. Small, pinhead-sized red spots on the skin (called “petechiae”) may be a sign of leukaemia . These small red spots are actually very small bruises that cluster so that they look like a rash.
The onset of leukemia can be acute ( sudden onset) or chronic (slow onset). In acute leukemia , cancer cells multiply quickly. In chronic leukemia , the disease progresses slowly and early symptoms may be very mild.
Bone pain can occur in leukemia patients when the bone marrow expands from the accumulation of abnormal white blood cells and may manifest as a sharp pain or a dull pain , depending on the location. The long bones of the legs and arms are the most common location to experience this pain .