About three-fourths of all deaths are among persons ages 65 and older. The majority of deaths are caused by chronic con- ditions such as heart disease , cancer , stroke, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s disease. During the 20th century these chronic diseases replaced acute infections as the major causes of death.
Cancer and unintentional injury were the leading causes of death among residents 35–44 years old, each accounting for one-fifth of all deaths in this age group (20.9% and 20.3%, respectively). These were followed by heart disease (13.3%), homicide (7.6%), suicide (7.2%) and other causes listed.
In 1900, pneumonia and influenza were the leading causes of death, with around 202 deaths per 100,000 population. However, although pneumonia and influenza were still the eighth leading cause of death in 2018, the rate of death was only 14.9 per 100,000 population.
According to the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists, the most common chronic diseases afflicting the elderly are: Adult onset diabetes . Arthritis. Kidney and bladder problems. Dementia . Parkinson’s Disease. Glaucoma. Lung disease. Cataracts.
This means that on average, from 1980-2017, the greatest number of deaths occur in January while the least number of deaths occur in September .
They could have: Different sleep -wake patterns. Little appetite and thirst. Fewer and smaller bowel movements and less pee. More pain. Changes in blood pressure, breathing, and heart rate. Body temperature ups and downs that may leave their skin cool, warm, moist, or pale.
The five leading causes of death among teenagers are Accidents ( unintentional injuries ), homicide , suicide , cancer , and heart disease .
Leading Causes of Death Heart disease : 655,381. Cancer: 599,274. Accidents (unintentional injuries): 167,127. Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 159,486. Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 147,810. Alzheimer’s disease : 122,019. Diabetes: 84,946. Influenza and pneumonia: 59,120.
The influenza epidemic that swept the world in 1918 killed an estimated 50 million people. One fifth of the world’s population was attacked by this deadly virus. Within months, it had killed more people than any other illness in recorded history. The plague emerged in two phases.
In 1900, the three leading causes of death were pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB ), and diarrhea and enteritis, which (together with diphtheria ) caused one third of all deaths (Figure 2). Of these deaths, 40% were among children aged less than 5 years (1).
According to monthly reports for the state , the spike in influenza deaths in the first 3 months of 1890 accounted for more than two‐thirds of deaths from this cause during the entire year. Table 1.
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Common conditions in older age include hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, back and neck pain and osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, depression, and dementia. Furthermore, as people age , they are more likely to experience several conditions at the same time.
Seniors ‘ Top 10 Fears of Aging Loss of independence. Declining health. Running out of money. Not being able to live at home. Death of a spouse or other family member. Inability to manage their own activities of daily living. Not being able to drive. Isolation or loneliness.