Common Causes of Anemia in the Elderly
|Cause of anemia||Percentage of cases|
|Anemia of chronic disease||30 to 45|
|Iron deficiency||15 to 30|
|Posthemorrhagic||5 to 10|
|Vitamin B 12 and folate deficiency||5 to 10|
sep. 13 2021Author:
Douglas L. SmithCited by:
The researchers also found that elderly people with anemia were associated with a 150% increase in hospitalization risk and a 200% increase in risk of being admitted to a nursing home. People with borderline anemia were found to be at 1.5 times the risk of those who were not anemic .
Iron – deficiency is the second most common cause of anemia in the elderly . The most foremost reasons for iron deficiency in this age group are blood loss, nutritional deficiencies, medications, cancer therapies and poor absorption.
Add these foods to your diet to get more iron and help fight iron deficiency anemia : Leafy greens. Leafy greens, especially dark ones, are among the best sources of nonheme iron . Meat and poultry. All meat and poultry contain heme iron . Liver. Seafood. Fortified foods. Beans. Nuts and seeds.
The need for iron changes as we age, but once we pass puberty, it remains consistent for most of our adult lives. Men between the ages of 19 and 50 require 8mg of iron a day, with women in that age (prime childbearing years) requiring 18mg. These numbers go up during pregnancy and lactation.
Anemia is a condition where you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells, to carry oxygen throughout your body. Anemia can be temporary or long term (chronic). In many cases, it’s mild, but anemia can also be serious and life-threatening.
Foods to avoid tea and coffee. milk and some dairy products. whole-grain cereals. foods that contain tannins, such as grapes, corn, and sorghum. foods rich in gluten, such as pasta and other products made with wheat, barley, rye, or oats.
Prune juice is made from dried plums, or prunes, which contain many nutrients that can contribute to good health. Prunes are a good source of energy, and they don’t cause a rapid hike in blood sugar levels. Half cup of prune juice contains 3 mg or 17 per cent iron.
Iron deficiency . This occasionally happens to vegetarians and others who don’t eat much meat. But it’s more commonly due to chronic blood loss, such as heavy periods in younger women , or a slowly bleeding ulcer in the stomach or small intestine, or even a chronic bleeding spot in the colon.
Fresh Fruit One small slice can give you . 69 mg of iron . Five medium figs have 1 mg of iron while a banana is good for . 36 mg and an apple has 0.5.
For all of the tested groups, moderate anemia corresponds to a level of 7.0-9.9 g/dl, while severe anemia corresponds to a level less than 7.0 g/dl.
People who are anemic most often experience fatigue . While it’s normal to feel tired after a long day at work or a heavy exercise session, when you’re anemic , you feel weary after shorter and shorter periods of exertion as your body’s cells become starved for oxygen.
Iron-rich Fruits Fruits like apples , banana and pomegranates are a rich source of iron and must be taken each day by anaemic individuals to get those pink cheeks and stay in pink of health. Mulberries and black currants too are iron-rich.
TREATMENT . There is no specific therapy for anemia of chronic disease except to manage or treat the underlying disorder. Iron therapy is of no benefit. Erythropoietin may be helpful in some patients with anemia of chronic disease.
The average daily iron intake from foods and supplements is 13.7–15.1 mg/day in children aged 2–11 years, 16.3 mg/day in children and teens aged 12–19 years, and 19.3–20.5 mg/day in men and 17.0–18.9 mg/day in women older than 19.
Iron supplements taken by mouth begin increasing the body’s production of red blood cells within three to 10 days . Iron usually needs to be taken for many months to bring the levels back to normal.