They often relied on wealth and support from their sons to have a comfortable life in their later years. If an elderly person was of lesser means or did not have any children, then he or she had to live in pitiable conditions until their death.
The ancient Greeks generally abhorred aging as it represented a decline from highly prized youth and vigor. However older warriors, elder philosophers and statesmen were typically well treated. Ironically, the Spartans who valued the physical ideal most also were those who most valued the wisdom of elderly citizens.
The Greek habit of dividing the world into mutually exclusive categories was a hallmark of their culture. One such division, between youth and old age, formed a persistent theme in Greek myth, poetry and theatre. Old age was ugly, mean and tragic. There was no middle ground, no third age.
It appears that the elderly were so highly venerated because reaching old age was the ultimate sign of your courage and prowess in battle; it was commonly said that a noble warrior either came back to Sparta from a military campaign “with his shield or on it”; old men were entitled to double rations of food, according
Practices of the Poor in the Polis Greek society’s view of the poor was often critical and excluded them: the poor were considered to have low morality and the degradation of insecurity and impiety. They looted altars and stole offerings made to the gods, lied and would do anything to get enough to survive.
Studies have shown that people in ancient times did not survive old age. According to many historians, people in ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt, and other areas hardly lived for more than 50 or 60 years.
Spartan respect stands out among the customary indifference, even disdain, for the elderly that we find among the rest of the Greeks. Geras, the Greek god of old age, is depicted as a hobbled, thin, defenseless, vulnerable and wrinkled fellow whom we would see as worthy of pity more than worship or fear.
Like all early civilizations Ancient Greece was an agricultural society. Most of the people lived by farming and the main form of wealth was owning land. In each city, there was an upper class and a middle class of men like substantial farmers, doctors, and teachers.
Greece once had a generous pension system – too generous to be sustainable, especially with an aging population. Retirement was possible from as early as the age of 55 after 30 years of work. Many had extra perks: public sector employees could retire as early as 52.
More Definitions of Elderly person Elderly person means a person who is 60 years old or older, who desires or needs to live with other elderly persons in a group setting, but who is capable of living independently. Elderly person means a person sixty years of age or older.
Women in the ancient Greek world had few rights in comparison to male citizens. Unable to vote, own land, or inherit, a woman’s place was in the home and her purpose in life was the rearing of children.
In short, not as much as suggested. It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of ancient Greeks was closer to 7,000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.
Like the comic book, the “300” takes inspirations from the real Battle of Thermopylae and the events that took place in the year of 480 BC in ancient Greece. An epic movie for an epic historical event.
Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries. Citizen women and children were not allowed to vote. Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government. The city was also a great centre for art and literature.
The Spartans ruled over a group of people called the Helots. The Helots were treated like slaves by the Spartans. They farmed the land and performed other manual labor for the Spartans. In order to keep control, the Spartans had secret police who kept track of the Helots and killed anyone who they thought might rebel.
Many Greeks were poor and life was hard, because farmland, water and timber for building were scarce. That’s why many Greeks sailed off to find new lands to settle. Ancient Greek homes were built around a courtyard or garden. The walls were often made from wood and mud bricks.